Our Daily Bleed...
The sky was set for such a role:
the great Cross glittered at the pole
Orion & his wrath were red
& the Milky Way white overhead
— R.A.K. Mason, "Twenty-Sixth October"
alternate spellings: Nestor Ivanoviè Machno; Nestor Ivanovich Machno; Nestor Mahkno
Ukrainian anarchist guerrilla general,
fought both Reds & Whites (tyranny left to right).
Old Siam: TOP-SPINNING CEREMONY. Brahmins spin three large tops, each made of nine metals, to divine the events of the coming year.
"On the 26th day of October we arrived at the metropolis, called in their language LORBRULGRUD, or Pride of the Universe. My master took a lodging in the principal street of the city, not far from the royal palace, & put out bills in the usual form, containing an exact description of my person & parts."
— Jonathan Swift, Gulliver's Travels
1369 -- Charles V "the Wise," King of France, dedicates a monument to his personal chef, for a recipe for pickled fish.
1466 -- Desiderius Erasmus lives, Holland. Scholar/author, wrote In Praise of Folly.
1669 -- Spanish dramatist Agustín Moreto dies in Toledo. Reputation has fallen. Wrote more than 100 popular plays.
1749 -- US: Black slavery legalized in Georgia.
1764 -- Painter, satirist William Hogarth dies, Leicester Fields, London.
1795 -- England: Fired up by the French Revolution, a mass meeting of workers is held today in Islington. In its turn, the meeting prompts, three days later, an angry crowd to waylay the corrupt King George III in St. James Park. He is stoned & jeered, & the bootmaker John Ridley is unfortunately foiled in his attempt to haul him from his coach & lynch him (though Ridley is never apprehended).
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1806 -- "Lord" Timothy Dexter, classic American crackpot, dies.
His book, A Pickle for the Knowing Ones or Plain Truths in a Homespun Dress, "became one of the great curiosities of American literature." It was at first given away, but eventually was much in demand, & ran into eight editions. It tells the story of his own life & what a great guy he really was, with rambling attacks on politicians, clergymen & others. In response to complaints from people who could barely understand his prose, Dexter added an extra page which contained nothing but punctuation marks. "The Nowing ones complane of my book the fust edition had no stops I put in A nuf here & they may pepper & salt it as they please," was his explanation.
The day went by, & at evening I passed the yard of another neighbor, who keeps many servants & spends much money foolishly, while he adds nothing to the common stock, & there I saw the stone of the morning lying beside a whimsical structure intended to adorn this Lord Timothy Dexter's premises...
— "Getting a Living," Henry David Thoreau (1854)
1822 -- At 17, Hans Christian Andersen belatedly enrolls in grammar school to secure an education, towering over his 11-year-old classmates.
1876 -- Switzerland: From the 26th to 29 October the 8th congress of the A.I.T. is held, Bern.
1879 -- Colombia: Biófilo Panclasta lives (1879-1942) Chinácota. One of the more original individualistic Latin American anarchists.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2006-2008
"Soldado, adventurer, artist & knight, beggar & boêmio; without horse, without money..."
Writer, poet, agitator, Panclasta was not distinguished as an organizer, but for the originalidade of his presenceas, an iconoclastic agitator for all Latin America & the irretrievable condition of inqualificável anarchist, said to have lived as "soldado, adventurer, artist & knight, beggar & boêmio; without horse, without money... "
Viajar, siempre viajar, tal es mi suerte,
y al través de mi rústico camino
soy un eterno peregrino que
sólo busca la deseada muerte.
— Biófilo Panclasta
[Details / context]
1880 -- Mark Twain delivers a speech in Hartford, Connecticut: "I don't mind what the opposition say of me, so long as they don't tell the truth."
1880 -- Author Andrei Bely (Boris N. Bugary) lives.
1881 -- US: Gunfight at the OK corral. Thugs, badge-enabled, duel thugs who are badge-deprived.
Wyatt Earp, saloonkeeper, gambler, & alleged stage robber & murderer, his two equally disreputable brothers, & reputed pimp Doc Holliday, shot it out in Tombstone, Arizona with the Clantons & the McClaurys.
When it was all over, Bill Clanton, both McClaurys, & two of the three Earps were either dead or seriously wounded. No one recalls exactly what the fight was about.
1886 -- Vincent Starrett — known especially for his detective fiction (The Great Hotel Murder) & his bibliophilic Books Alive— lives, Toronto, Canada.
1886 -- France: Justin Olive (1886-1962) lives, à Fabrezan (Aude). Militant anarchist & revolutionary syndicalist.
[Details / context]
1889 -- Ukraine: Famed anarchist general Nestor Makhno, lives, Gulyai-Polye. Fights Red & White Russian armies during the Russian Revolution. alternate spellings: Nestor Ivanoviè Machno; Nestor Ivanovich Machno; Nestor Mahkno
Nestor Makhno led a large insurrectionary army of peasants that helped defeat the reactionary White armies. It was eventually crushed by Trotsky's treachery & his Red Army. Makhno went into exile & died in Paris, July 25, 1934.
"Your flags black in the wind, black for our sorrow, red for our blood."
— excerpt from the song "Makhnovchtchina"
"Aucun des commissaires n'osa se montrer devant les ouvriers à la tribune du Soviet. Seule l'anarchiste Marie Nikiphorova occupa cette tribune et appela, de sa voix puissante, les ouvriers à la lutte contre le gouvernement, pour la révolution et pour une société libre de toute autorité."
— Nestor Makhno, in La révolution russe en Ukraine.
1900 -- Henry James writes his first letter to Edith Wharton, who becomes his friend & protégé.
1900 -- Karin Boye lives. Poet, novelist, short-story writer, translator of T.S. Eliot's poems. A leading poet of Swedish modernism, her works were written in symbolic language, confessional in tone, & contain an underlying conflict between social & religious pressure & the yearning for freedom.
1902 -- US: Woman's rights leader Elizabeth Cady Stanton dies, New York City. Major American proto-feminist, suffragist.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2003-2008
Major American proto-feminist, suffragist leader.
1902 -- Pilot & author Beryl Markham lives (1902-1986).
[Excerpts from West With the Night]
1905 -- (New style; Oct 13 old) Russia: Workers in St. Petersburg form first workers' council (Soviet) to coordinate militant job actions & strikes being undertaken by workers throughout the city. All-Russian Railway Workers initiates a General Strike.
1905 -- Union of Sweden & Norway ends. The Supreme Court had ruled that the treaty ("Ya, sure, ya betcha") is legally null & void.
1908 -- England: Sometime in October & November 1908 [I don't have an exact date — db.] British anarcho-syndicalist E.J.B. Allen speaks in London along with Errico Malatesta & Rudolf Rocker at the Haymarket commemoration held at the Charlotte Street Club (presumably this is the Socialist Club then located on this street).
Sources: cited in "Syndicalism in the Colne Valley," Catalyst No.1, Winter 1987
& at http://www.takver.com/history/nz/tm/tm08.htm
Oct 2006: I've changed location from chicago, as I've surely had this wrong; see: Lahr, Charles, 1885-1971 | libcom.org: He knew anarcho-syndicalist Rudolf Rocker & was interned as an enemy alien in(?) ... name of Archer) whom he met in the Socialist Club in Charlotte Street. ... also near Whitechapel tube station on the East London Line, there is Jubilee Street (home of the anarchist social club founded by Rudolph Rocker in the late 1890s & near the Sydney Street seige) While visiting the "Jubilee Street Club" during 1906 Guy Aldred also... check Rocker's London Years for reference
1909 -- Prince Ito of Japan is assassinated by a Korean.
1911 -- Mahalia Jackson, "Queen of the Gospel Song," lives, New Orleans, Louisiana.
1913 -- Spain: José Ester Borrás (1913-1980) lives, Berga (province of Barcelona). Anarquista, active in the resistance in France & in the Mauthausen concentration camp, & co-founder of the founder of the Federación Española de Deportados e Internados Políticos (Spanish Federation of Former Political prisoners & camp inmates [FEDIP]).
1915 -- US: Emma Goldman delivers five lectures — including "Preparedness, the Road to Universal Slaughter" in Philadelphia, October 26-30. Scott Nearing of the University of Pennsylvania attends one of her lectures. During this period her friend Ben Reitman, a champion of women's reproductive rights, begins work on a book about venereal disease.
1921 -- F. Scott & Zelda Fitzgerald's daughter, Frances Scott, lives, St. Paul, Minnesota.
1922 -- Scott Greer (1922-1996), social scientist with the soul of a poet, lives, Sweetwater, Texass.
1922 -- Italy: Inizia la marcia su Roma incontrando scarsa resistenza da parte delle autorità militari e di polizia.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1926 -- Nicaragua: Augusto Sandino takes up arms for the constitutionalist cause.
While in exile in México during early 1920s, Sandino participated in strikes led by the IWW. Inspired by them, he returns to foment revolution in Nicaragua & adopts the IWW's black & red colors.
"With Plenty Of Money & You" Hal Kemp & His Orchestra, 10/26/36
This song expressed the fantasy of many young men during the Depression. Unemployment meant the deferral of family life, & the marriage rate plummeted along with job opportunities. (Couples already married tended to stay so; divorce cost money.)
The song debuted in Gold Diggers of 1937 (Dick Powell sang it), & was one of the memorable collaborations of lyricist Al Dubin & composer Harry Warren for Busby Berkeley's musicals. Band leader Hal Kemp led a popular 'sweet band,' noted for its muted staccato brass & the pallid vocals of drummer Edgar C. "Skinnay" Ennis.
— Mark Humphrey, "The Great Depression: American Music in the '30s"
1939 -- John Arden lives, England. Novelist/playwright. Wrote Left Handed Liberty.
1945 -- Laurence Housman opens Housman's Bookshop, Shaftesbury Avenue, London, England. Long-standing publisher & distributor of pacifist & anti-nuke materials, still going strong today.
Publishers of the annual Housman's Peace Diary & World Peace Directory, one of the many resources for the Daily Bleed. Apparently not on the internet. Snail address, Housman's Books, 5 Caledonian Road, London N1 9DX.
1945 -- Pat Conroy, American writer, lives. Wrote Great Santini; Prince of Tides.
Whether it is the racism found in The Water is Wide, the tyranny of authority in The Great Santini, the coexistence of honor & brutality in The Lords of Discipline, or the cruelty & betrayal exposed in The Prince of Tides, Pat Conroy does not flinch from writing about the evils & harsh realities of life.
1946 -- Hillary Rodham, wife of the "World's Most Famous Cocksuckee," lives.
If you came upon Bill Clinton struggling in a raging river, & you had a choice between rescuing him or taking a prize-winning photograph, what shutter speed would you use?
1947 -- South Africa: Benedict Wallet Vilakazi, best known for his poetry & his study of Zulu & the Bantu languages, dies in Johannesburg.
1955 -- US: The Village Voice is first published, backed in part by the socialist & novelist, Norman Mailer.
1956 -- Hungary: Russian snipers fire on unarmed demonstrators in Budapest. Armed resistance begins in industrial centers, General Strike begins, & state power disrupted as power is now in the factories & the streets.
1957 -- Cretan novelist/poet/thinker, lover-of-life Nicos Kazantzakis dies.
1960 -- El Salvador: Military coup deposes Beloved & Respected comrade Leader President Jose Marie Lemus.
1960 -- US: John F. Kennedy calls Coretta King & Bobby Kennedy call helps Martin Luther King, Jr.'s release from jail (see yesterday). Good liberal public relations for JFK.
1962 -- Mel Lyman, in North Carolina, prepares to leave for Florida:
"Today is Friday. We're making last minute preparations like painting over the more objectionable signs on the Studebaker..."
BleedMeister has had one of these sitting in the driveway for about 25 years now with a broken wheel:
1963 -- Author Danilo Dolci begins 10-day fast for building of a dam to relieve poverty, Roccamena, Sicily.
1964 -- US: Rolling Stones on Ed Sullivan Show. Ed is such a rockin dude.
1966 -- Germany: Psychosociologist & cybernetician Abraham Moles' inaugural class at Strasbourg is interrupted in its first few minutes by 10 students who throw tomatoes & chase him from his lecturn.
1967 -- Iran: Shah of Iran crowns himself after 26 years on the Peacock Throne. Inspired to do so while cheating at checkers.
1970 -- "Doonesbury" debuts in 28 US papers.
1970 -- England: Administration building on Keele University campus fire-bombed. Barclays Bank at Stoke Newington fire-bombed. Newspaper report says: "Police are investigating several similar incidents at other branches." Part of numerous attacks this fall, most believed attributable to the anarchist Angry Brigade.
1972 -- US: Guided tours of Alcatraz (by Park Service) begin, where Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Peacenik Henry Kissinger declares "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam.
1976 -- Walter Murphy's Big Apple Band earns a gold record for its debut album, "A Fifth of Beethoven," which features the title single, a disco treatment of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony that hit Number One.
1976 -- Brazilian artist Emiliano Di Cavalcanti (1897-1976) dies. Jailed twice (1932 & 1936) for his communistic beliefs. Sought to free Brazilian art of any noticeable European influences. Prominent member of Brazil's Generation of 1922, Group of Five, etc. Married to painter Noêmia Mourão. His work immortalized the mulatas, sambas, brothels & local characters typical of the shantytowns & slums.
1977 -- India: Manager of Swadeshi Cotton Mills in Kanpur province locked up for 53 hours while workers besiege the factory to claim unpaid back wages.
Wages had not been paid in over 1 1/2 months. This was paid but the company proceeded to withhold wages yet another 1 1/2 months. On 6 December another demonstration breaks out, this time with the production manager & the controller locked up as hostages. A fracas between police & 3,000 workers ensued, with hostages being killed when cops open fire.
1979 -- South Korea: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Park Chung-hee assassinated.
1985 -- Australia: A Piece of the Rock? Government gives Ayers Rock back to the Aborigines.
1986 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Acting Prez Ronnie Reagan vetoes a bill that would impose trade sanctions on apartheid regime of South Africa.
1987 -- El Salvador: Herbert Anaya, human rights activist, assassinated.
1988 -- US-Soviet effort free two grey whales from frozen Arctic, Barrow, Alaska.
1991 -- Hard Rain Gonna Fall?: Lori Rae Matthews, crushed to death by an artist's 485 lb umbrella.
1993 -- Puerto Rico: Catholic churches in San Juan, open their doors for the night & urges residents to tie black ribbons on trees to protest Madonna's first concert there.
1994 -- Israel & Jordan sign treaty to end 46 years of war. What to do next, having removed what governments do best?
1996 -- Aurelio Chessa (1913-1996), anarchist, dies, Rapallo. Militant des GIA & infatigable animateur de l’Archivio Famiglia Berneri repris avec talent aujourd’hui par sa fille Fiamma.
1998 -- Dick Higgins (1938-1998) dies in Quebec City, Canada.
Higgins studied with John Cage & Henry Cowell. He attended Cage's composition class, where he met other future Fluxus artists & was with one of the groups to develop the concept of Happenings. Higgins also published the Something Else Newsletter & presented the first exhibit of concrete poetry in the US.
Unpublished Editions/Printed Editions was a hybrid small press & an artists' cooperative. It included Higgins, Knowles, Cage, Philip Corner, Geoffrey Hendricks, Jackson Mac Low, Pauline Oliveros, & Jerome Rothenberg.
2001 -- US: Frisco Critical Mass bike ride.
2002 -- US: Garrett Ct. Press presents the New Orleans Bookfair. Approximately 40 different independent presses from the US, including AK Press & Soft Skull are there. Agitators, collectives, anarchists, zinesters, independent publishers & all others are encouraged "to come on down to the dirty south."
2005 -- US: Two years after Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader George Bush declares victory in Iraq ("Iraq is one victory in the war on terror"), Department of Defense announces US deaths in Iraq officially reach 2,000...
2008 -- Tony Hillerman, novelist, journalist, & educator, dies in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Award-winning mystery writer, featuring Jim Chee in his respectful Navajo series. Hillerman followed in the tracks of the Australian Arthur Upfield, who embodied Aboriginal culture into novels set among tribal aborigines in remote desert regions.
2012 -- Eloy Gutiérrez Menoyo, a former commander of the Cuban revolution who later broke with Fidel Castro over his hardline Leninism, tried to overthrow him (Alpha 66), spent 22 years in jail, before returning as a dissident "moderate" (Cambio Cubano), dies.
My optimism is based on the telluric force of this island in the infinite tenderness of Cuban women, in the power of innovation in its simplest people. The legacy of durability of the Cuban nation cyclones resist all of history and all dictators. Varela is more than a sign. Maceo is more admirable warrior guide. Marti is not a metaphor.
Luck will come...I know there will be a butterfly...
2012 -- British book signature faker Allan Formhals — who got books & recycled magazines cheap & sold dear on eBay — convicted of fraud. Fake autographs included those of Oscar Wilde, Winston Churchill, Robert Louis Stevenson & Pablo Picasso.
"My feeling about anarchism is that it is not a movement with an ideology. It is a tendency in the history of human thought & action which seeks to identify coercive, authoritarian, & hierarchic structures of all kinds & to challenge their legitimacy — & if they cannot justify their legitimacy, which is quite commonly the case, to work to undermine them & expand the scope of freedom."
— Noam Chomsky, anarcho-syndicalist, media-myth debunker, linguist, prolific writer
3502 -- The Daily Bleed: Daily Bleed: Aurelio Chessa, Biofilo Panclasta, Justin Olive, Jose Ester Borras, Lord Timothy Dexter, Malatesta, Rudolf Rocker, E.J.B. Allen, Ben Reitman, Noam Chomsky; Timeline, Almanac of Radicalism, Arts, Literature, Authors, Poets, Anarchists... a radical annotated chronology, almanac, daybook, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchisten, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, sindicalismo, anarquia, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, anarki, anarkist, libertarian, syndicalist, anarcho-syndicalist, anarcho-communism, black cats, What Happened on this day, in recovered memory, suppressed history, A People's History, OCTOBER 26
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