Our Daily Bleed...
IWW founder, jailed seditionist & perennial candidate.
GUY FAWKES DAY. The only man to enter Parliament with honest intentions.
See the Daily Bleed Guy Fawkes Gallery page,
FEAST OF NO RETURN.
NATIONAL DOUGHNUT DAY (USA).
A God-given American Right to Eat Fat even if it has holes in it.
1228 -- Wu-Men Kuan (also known by the Japanese name, Mumonkan), a collection of 48 Zen koans, is compiled in China.
These 48 koans were gathered together & supplied with commentary by the 13th-century Chinese master Wu-men. Leading off with Chao-Chu's famous Dog koan (Mu), these 48 "fingers pointing at the moon" are basic building blocks of Zen training.
1605 -- England: Gunpowder plot to blow up English Parliament detected, leader Guy Fawkes (the only man to enter Parliament with honest intentions) captured.
Fawkes is innocent: state-sponsored commemorations — intended to corral people into official versions of history — have throughout time been subverted by revellers who have turned the authoritarians' world upside down & engaged instead in pitched battles with those who would stop them taking celebration to its natural conclusion — see 21 November).
See Daily Bleed's Guy Fawkes Sinner page,
1644 -- Samuel Pepys writes in his Diary that he has been to see Macbeth, a "pretty good play."
1715 -- Author John Brown lives.
1735 -- Author James Beattie lives.
1779 -- US: Hollow Earth theorist John Cleves Symmes lives, New Jersey.
1836 -- Czech poet, Karel Hynek Mácha, dies in Litomerice. Initially coldly received when first published, Máj (1836, May) grew in prestige among Czech poets & critics in the 20th century.
1849 -- France: Louis Dejoux lives, Replonges. Militant et propagandiste anarchiste. Membre de la "Fédération révolutionnaire de l'Est." Participant in the Congrès de la Fédération Jurassienne (4 juin 1882).
Le 5 novembre 1849, naissance de Louis DEJOUX à Replonges (Dép. de l'Ain). Membre de la "Fédération révolutionnaire de l'Est" et gérant du premier journal anarchiste lyonnais "Le Droit social" (1er numéro le 12 février 1882). Il est condamné le 25 mai 1882, à un an de prison et 200 francs d'amende pour un article faisant l'apologie du geste d'un jeune ouvrier qui avait tiré sur son patron. Mais il parvient à s'enfuir en Suisse où il participera le 4 juin 1882, à Lausanne, au "Congrès de la Fédération Jurassienne." Toujours en Suisse, il apprendra sa condamnation par défaut, à Lyon, à deux ans de prison dans le "procès dit des 66." Il aidera ensuite Jean Grave à Paris, à la publication du journal "La Révolte." Son frère François DEJOUX (né le 19 mars 1836), anarchiste comme lui, sera arrêté en novembre 1882, et condamné dans le même procès des 66, à un an de prison et 100 francs d'amende.
1855 -- US: Eugene Debs, labor activist, socialist politician, lives, Terre Haute, Indiana. IWW founder, jailed seditionist, perennial presidential candidate.
"His belief in the people was very genuine, & his vision of socialism quite unlike the State machine pictured in Marx's communist manifesto. Hearing his views, I could not help exclaiming:
"Why, Mr. Debs, you're an anarchist!"
"Not Mister, but Comrade," he corrected me; "won't you call me that?" Clasping my hand warmly, he assured me that he felt very close to the anarchists, that anarchism was the goal to strive for, & that all socialists should also be anarchists. Socialism to him was only a stepping-stone to the ultimate ideal, which was anarchism.
"I know & love Kropotkin & his work," he said; "I admire him & I revere our murdered comrades who lie in Waldheim, as I do also all the other splendid fighters in your movement. You see, then, I am your comrade. I am with you in your struggle."
— Emma Goldman
1857 -- US: Muckraker Ida Tarbell lives, Erie county, Pennsylvania.
Daily Bleed Saint 2003-4
Muck-raking anti-capitalist American journalist.
1862 -- US: 303 Santee Sioux suspects in Minnesota uprising sentenced to hang. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Abe Lincoln commutes many sentences, but 38 chose to hang at Mankato, singing their death song on their scaffold.
1870 -- US: One of the nation's first train robberies.
Six men, led by Big Jack Davis, hopped aboard the eastbound express for Reno, forced the train to a stop, & rode off to Virginia City with $40,000 in minted coin. 10 hours later, as the delayed engine chugged into Independence, six army deserters jumped aboard to take $4m490 that the Davis gang had overlooked. Within days, authorities captured all 13 bandits, who were sentenced variously from 10 to 15 years in prison.
1871 -- Italy: Carlo Cafiero & Alberto Tucci, at a workers' Congress in Rome (November 1-5), distribute a manifesto by Bakunin, opposing nationalism, republicanism & Marxist authoritarianism. Cafiero, with Errico Malatesta, was one of the main founders of the Italian anarchist movement.
For Cafiero, "One cannot be... anarchist without being communist... For the least idea of limitation contains already... the germs of authoritarianism."
Mikhail Bakunin began the translation of Marx's Capital into Russian & Carlo Cafiero published a summary of the same work in Italian.
"Freedom without Socialism is privilege & injustice, & Socialism without freedom is slavery & brutality"
— Michael Bakunin
1872 -- US: Susan B. Anthony & friends arrested for illegally attempting to vote, Rochester, NY. This is before the US government made a mockery of her with a ridiculous one-dollar coin no one will use.
1885 -- US: Will Durant, historian (The Story of Civilization), lives, North Adams, Massachusetts. A teacher & a director at the anarchist Ferrer Modern School.
"I had been led to believe that most of these men & women were criminals, enemies of all social order, given to presenting their arguments with dynamite. I was amazed to find myself, for the most part, among philosophers & saints."
1886 -- England: Guy Aldred, British activist & anti-militarist, lives, London. At various points between 1910 & his death in 1963, Guy Aldred edited five Glasgow-based anarchist periodicals — The Herald of Revolt, The Spur, The Commune, The Council, & The Word.
As for Aldred & Patrick, their United Socialist Movement had become a populist organization, espousing things like World Government & fellow-travelling with Russia after Stalin’s death. As Nicolas Walter says in his article in Raven No 1., Aldred was an "extraordinarily courageous but essentially solitary man whose vanity & oddity prevented him from taking the part which his ability & energy seemed to create for him in the revolutionary socialist movement."
1893 -- Willa Cather, 20, begins contributing to the "Nebraska State Journal," for which she hauls in $1 per column.
Coosje Van Bruggen / Claes Oldenburg, Lincoln, Nebraska
1895 -- Charles MacArthur, American journalist, dramatist, screenwriter, lives, Scranton, Pennsylvania. Much of his work was written with Ben Hecht, including The Front Page (1928), a farce about a star reporter drawn into his own story, & Twentieth Century (1932), a lively satire of the entertainment industry.
1895 -- England: King Edward VII says "We are all Socialists nowadays".
1898 -- France: Benoît Perrier lives, dép. du Rhône. Militant, propagandiste anarchiste & pacifiste.
1902 -- US: Everett (Washington) Central Labor Council formed.
1909 -- US: Prevented from speaking in a Brooklyn lecture hall, Emma Goldman addresses a crowd of 3,000 in an open-air meeting;
Dr. Ben Reitman is arrested for failing to obtain a permit for this outrage.
Rodgers took off from Sheepshead Bay, Long Island, NY, on September 17, 1911. Because of numerous delays, his transcontinental flight to Pasadena, California, took 49 days, too long to win the Hearst prize. Nevertheless, he was the first to fly across the continent, reaching Pasadena on November 5, 1911. Today the restored "Vin Fiz" hangs in the Pioneers of Flight gallery at the National Air & Space Museum.
Rodgers jammed newspapers under his vest for extra warmth & enjoyed a seemingly ever-present cigar between flights while mechanics made last-minute adjustments to the "Vin Fiz."
Miraculously survived several crashes, like one at Huntingdon, Indiana, where he broke both legs & ankle, & a collarbone, crackedseveral ribs, & was thrown from the "Vin Fiz" 15 times during the cross-country flight.
Rodgers felt his transcontinental trip would not be complete until he actually flew to the Pacific Ocean. On December 10, 1911, he taxied the "Vin Fiz" into the ocean off Long Beach, California with his crutches lashed to the top of his lower left wing — he was still recovering from a recent crash.
1912 -- US: Socialist candidate Eugene Debs receives over 900,000 votes, the largest percentage ever by a socialist, of the popular presidential vote — a whopping 6%!
1913 -- US: Los Angeles receives its first piped-in water from Owens Valley, 200 miles northeast of the city.
Capitalism 101?: As part of Bureau of Land Reclamation efforts to irrigate the valley for small farmers & homesteaders, J.B. Lippincott began surveying in 1903. He convinced local farmers to relinquish their water rights to him, casting an impression that he would use the water to improve the valley.
He & powerful Los Angeles friends, meanwhile, quietly planned to export it through a 200-mile aquaduct. The syndicate, which included Harry Chandler of the "LA Times," began buying huge amounts of San Fernando Valley land. On Lippincott's recommendation, the California reclamation chief dropped the Owens redevelopment plan & yielded the water to the city.
Now that the water is flowing, the value of Chandler's land has multiplied to $120 million, 40 times more than what he paid. When he dies as the largest land baron in Southern California, Chandler's estate was worth half a billion dollars.
1916 -- US: Everett Massacre, Washington state. Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) labor activists are killed by Everett's finest .
Oct 30: 40 IWW members arrive by boat in Everett, but before they can land they are clubbed & jailed by local deputies. Later that night they are beaten.
On Nov. 5, some 250 IWW supporters arrive to fight for free speech, but gunfire breaks out as soon as they arrive, leaving many dead & 31 Wobblies injured. Both Big Bill Haywood & Samuel Gompers call on the federal government to protect the rights of working-class citizens in Everett, but no action is taken.
Seven IWW union activists are dead, & scores wounded. 74 union members are charged with murder in the incident; charges are later dropped. The cops, as is too often the case & is often said, "get away with murder."
Song on his lips, he came;
Song on his lips, he went; —
This be the token we bear of him, —
Soldier of Discontent!
— Charles Ashleigh, "Everett, November Fifth"
1920 -- US: Eugene Debs, Convict #9653, receives nearly one million votes as Socialist Party presidential candidate while occupying a jail cell.
1921 -- France: Jeanne Humbert & Eugène Humbert, militant anarchistes, pacifistes, néo-malthusians & naturists are sentenced to prison. Under the terms of the new laws (voted in 1920) to repress anti-natalist propaganda, Jeanne & Eugene are each sentenced to one to two years in prison & fined 3000 francs. Jeanne is released on July 30, 1922. Eugene is not released until February 1924.
1923 -- US: In the Sacco & Vanzetti case, the Proctor motion for a new trial is made.
Prosecution expert witness Proctor admitted the use of the ambiguous phrase “consistent with” was prearranged by the District Attorny to allow the jury to believe he was testifying that Sacco’s gun was the gun that killed Berardelli.
Previously, on April 30, 1923, the Hamilton motion for a new trial was filed, based upon criminologist & gun case expert Hamilton who signed an affidavit stating the bullets at the scene & in Berardelli did not come from Sacco’s gun.
1924 -- US: Simon & Schuster publishes the first US crossword puzzle book (It is also the publishing firm's first book).
1926 -- US: Negro History Week initiated by Carter G. Woodson.
1927 -- Argentina: During this month Osvaldo Bayer lives [exact day remains elusive — ed.], Santa Fé. Journalist, film scenarist, pacifist, anarquista, historian. Forced into exile in 1975, returned in 1983. Among his books are Severino Di Giovanni: El idéalista de la violencia, Los anarquistas expropiadores, Radowitsky, marthyr ou assassin?, the four-volume Los vengadores de la Patagonia, etc.
1928 -- Columbia: 5,000 banana workers strike against United Fruit Company. 1,000 killed.
Oh the companies keep a sharp eye
And pay their respects to the army
To watch for the hot-blooded leaders
And be prepared for the junta to
crush them like flies.
So heavy the price that they pay
As daily the fruit it is stolen...
— Phil Ochs, "United Fruit"
1930 -- Mock-Me-Not?: When Sinclair Lewis gets a phone call from a Swedish newspaper reporter telling him he is the first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, Lewis thinks it is a prank & begins imitating the man's accent.
1933 -- Spain: Rogelio Madrigal Torres lives. Catalan anarquista guérrilla with Sabaté's group; trapped & shot down in 1960.
[Details / context]
1935 -- US: In the heart of the Great Depression, Parker Brothers introduces the board game "Monopoly." Favorite game at Microsoft.
"Political freedom means the absence of coercion of a man by his fellow men."
— Milton Friedman, adviser to despot Pinochet's Chilean government
Pinochet "has supported a fully free-market economy as a matter of principle. Chile is an economic miracle."
— Milton Friedman [Newsweek, Jan, 1982].
Under the Pinochet regime the GNP per capita fell 6.4 percent. In constant 1993 dollars, Chile's per capita GDP was over $3,600 in 1973. Even as late as 1993, however, this had recovered to only $3,170. Only five Latin American countries did worse during the Pinochet era (1974-1989). & defenders of the Chicago plan call this an "economic miracle."
1936 -- Spain: Buenaventura Durruti makes a radio broadcast from the Madrid front, in which he opposes the decree issued by the Generalidad militarizing the militias, & calls for greater commitment & sacrifice from the rearguard if the war is to be won.
"We make war & revolution at the same time. The militiaman has to know that he fights for the conquest of the land, the factories, culture ... the pick & the shovel are as valuable as the gun."
In July, 1936, Durruti was one of the most important leaders of the CNT masses that prevented the fascist military coup in Barcelona. After the uprising was suppressed, he immediately lead militia columns to retake Zaragoza, which was occupied by these nationalists. He spread his ideas about 'libertarian communism' as he marched into Aragon, as the doctrinal basis of the 'communes' recently established there.
1937 -- Germany: Julius Nolden, a car plant worker from Duisburg is sentenced by the "The People's Court" in Berlin to a 10 year prison term for "preparing an act of high treason with aggravating circumstances."
Nolden was head of the FAUD (anarcho-syndicalist Free Union of German Workers) in the Rhineland when that underground organization was dismantled by the Gestapo in January 1937. Arrested with him were 88 other male & female anarcho-syndicalists who stood trial in early 1938.
Nolden & his colleagues laid the groundwork for a network to smuggle people out to Amsterdam & distributed antifascist propaganda. Anti-Nazi pamphlets circulating at the time under cover of the title "Eat German Fruit & Stay Healthy" were so popular among miners that they used to greet each other with the query:
"Have you eaten your fruit?"
All but six were sentenced to terms ranging from several months to six years' imprisonment. Julius Nolden was sent to the Luttringhausen prison & remained there until the arrival of the Allies on 19 April 1945.
Several comrades were murdered in prison. Emil Mahnert was hurled form two stories up by a police torturer. Wilhelm Schmitz died in prison on 29 January 1944 & the circumstances of his death have never been properly clarified. Ernst Holtznagel was dispatched to the notorious 999 punishment battalion, where he was killed. Michael Delissen was beaten to death by the Gestapo in December 1936. Anton Rosinke was murdered in February 1937.
[Details / context]
1943 -- Sam Shepard lives. American playwright & actor, whose plays blend images of the Old West, pop culture & science fiction.
1944 -- France: In Montfort-on-Boulzane the communist Union Nationale Espagnole murder four militants for refusing to join their organization. Shot are the Spanish socialistas Pedro Perez & Jose Ibanez, & the libertarios Antonio Rodriguez (known as Victoriano Vonilla), & Miguel Gonzales Espada. Gonzales was a member of the Libertarian Youths of Calanda (Teruel), & a combatant with the Durruti Column. Taking refuge in France, he was a logger in Montfort at the time of his assassination by the Stalinists (not by the fascists, as is registered on his cemetary marker. Details, see "Les dossiers noirs d'une certaine résistance" Ed. du CES (1984) ou bien le Bulletin du Cira de Marseille n° 29-30.
Le 5 novembre 1944, à Montfort-sur-Boulzane (Aude), un groupe de "l'Union Nationale Espagnole" (d'obédience communiste) fusille quatre militants qui avaient refusé d'intégrer leur organisation. Il s'agit des socialistes espagnols Pedro PEREZ et José IBANEZ, des libertaires Antonio RODRIGUEZ (dit Victoriano VONILLA), et de Miguel GONZALES ESPADA, ce dernier avait milité aux Jeunesses Libertaires de Calanda (Teruel) où il était paysan. Il avait ensuite combattu au sein de la "Colonne Durruti." Réfugié en France, il était bûcheron à Montfort au moment de son assassinat par les staliniens et non par les fascistes comme il est inscrit sur la plaque du cimetière. Lire à ce propos: "Les dossiers noirs d'une certaine résistance" Ed. du CES (1984) ou bien le Bulletin du Cira de Marseille n° 29-30.
1949 -- US: Twelve citizens of Camden, New Jersey shot dead as Harold Unruh, a berserk World War II veteran, goes on a shooting rampage.
Why does man kill? He kills for food. But frequently there must be a beverage.
1951 -- US: Paul Robeson speaks at Conference for Equal Rights for Negroes in the Arts, Sciences & Professions, in New York City. (Foner)
1954 -- England: Seize the Time! Thomas Manners, the official London Law Courts clock winder, is caught in the mechanism of the law courts tower & crushed to death.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1957 --France: Potlatch #29, information bulletin of the Lettrist International, issued in Paris.
http://www.cddc.vt.edu/sionline/chronology/chronology.html | [Situationist Resources]
1960 -- Film comedy producer Mack Sennett dies.
1960 -- Johnny Horton, 33, who had a Number One smash "Battle of New Orleans," is killed in an auto accident. He had just played his last show, at the Skyline in Austin, Texass — where Hank Williams had played his last show as well. Horton's widow, Billy Joe, was also Hanks Williams' widow.
1960 -- Denmark: Launch, at the Statsgymnasium in Århus, of the Ceramic Mural (27 meters long, 3 high), produced by Asger Jorn during the summer in Alba, Italy.
Difendiamo la libertà (In Defense of Freedom), Situationist tract by Guiseppe Pinot-Gallizio, Erwin Eisch, Lothar Fischer, Renée Nele, Heimrad Prem, Helmut Sturm & Peter Zimmer advocating public execration of the Spanish painter Cuixard, who, in order to increase his chances of securing the Grand Prize for painting at São Paulo, did not shrink from denouncing the communism of his compatriots Saura & Tapiés, at the risk of putting them 'in grave danger with political organizations in their country.'
1962 -- United Nations General Assembly demands complete nuclear weapons testing ban.
1964 -- US: Free Speech Movement (FSM) coalesces as thousands of University of California-Berkeley students rally & occupy Sproul Hall.
1966 -- US: Walk for Love & Peace & Freedom: 10,000+ show up, including poets Allen Ginsberg, & Gary Snyder, Paul Krassner, & the Fugs (Tuli Kupferberg ["one of the Leading Anarchist Theorists of our time"], Ed Sanders, et al). The "first hippie style demo in NYC."
1968 -- US: Shirley Chisholm is first black woman to be elected to Congress.
1968 -- US: Dick M Nixon defeats "Dump the Hump" Humphrey by narrowest margin of victory since 1912: .7%. Many blame Humphrey's defeat on the rioting & division at the Democratic Convention.(43.4-42.7).
Election Day. The results of the popular vote are 31,770,000 for Nixon, 43.4 percent of the total; 31,270,000 or 42.7 percent for Humphrey; 9,906,000 or 13.5 percent for George Wallace; & 0.4 percent for other candidates. Nixon defeats Humphrey by 500,000 votes. Wallace receives about 13% of the vote nationwide & wins five Southern states (the south riseth again, sort of...).
Stock Market starts drop.
1969 -- US: Chicago Eight Trial becomes Chicago Seven Trial. The trial of Bobby Seale is severed from the trial of what now becomes the Chicago Seven. Because of his courtroom outbursts (after being refused permission to act as or have his own defense counsel), Bobby Seale has been bound & gagged during the trial since October 29th. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Judge Julius Hoffman cites Seale for contempt & sentences him to four years in jail; a retrial is ordered on Seale's case.
November 5: The Chicago 8 becomes the Chicago 7, when a mistrial is declared in the case of Bobby Seale & a new, separate trial is ordered. After repeatedly asserting his right to an attorney of his own choosing or to defend himself, Seale had been bound & gagged in the courtroom. He is sentenced to four years for contempt of court; the sentence is later reversed. Seale is never convicted of any Convention Week charges.
1969 -- US: Spot surveillance of columnist Joseph Kraft, ordered by the Nixon administration, begins. The surveillance is discontinued on 12 December after proving to be "unproductive."
1969 -- High Seas: Hull of the ship Keo fails off the Massachusetts coast, spilling 8,820,000 gallons of oil in the Atlantic.
1970 -- US: Indians occupy federal land near Davis.
1971 -- UN votes to seat (Red) China (also seen as Oct 25).
1974 -- Italy: Nov 5-16 World Food Conference, Rome (Lappe?).
1974 -- US: Voters ban underground bomb tests, Colorado.
1975 -- Aliens abduct humans from Arizona (movie "Fire in the Sky").
1976 -- Gordon Lightfoot single "The Wreck of the Edmond Fitzgerald" hits #1.
That good ship & true was a bone to be chewed / When the gales of November came early.
1977 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Peanuts Carter vetoes Tennessee Clinch River Breeder Reactor.
1978 -- Austria: Reactionaries? Voters agree to leave nuclear reactor unfuelled, Zwentendorf.
1980 -- Canada: World's Biggest Bookstore (1« million books, 27.3 km of shelves) opens in Toronto (later part of the Chapters chain, which is in turn gobbled up by Indigo).
1982 -- US: Demo at Honeywell, Minnesota's largest defense contractor, 36 arrested.
1984 -- South Africa: Anti-apartheid General Strike by black workers.
1990 -- Algeria: 150,000 leftists demonstrate against religious intolerance.
1990 -- England: Guy Fawkes, a descendant of the original, sets fire to a replica of the houses of Parliament for a charity fund-raiser, Devon.
1991 -- Alex Coughlin volunteers to give up drugs & alcohol, years before most people even start.
November 5, 1991...what a fuckin' day. See, I already agreed to go & there was just about no chance in backing out now. I needed to go anyway, I was a fuckin' wreck; 30 pounds underweight, suicidal, drunk, homicidal, outrageously high-strung...it's no way to be. I'd go out with a bang, though.
2001 -- Turkey: At least four hunger strikers protesting Turkish prison conditions die in a police raid, bringing the total to 45 deaths in the last year. Hundreds of jailed left-wing militants have joined the death fast to protest being kept in isolation cells in “F-type” high security prisons, where torture, beatings & abuse have been a persistent problem.
2010 -- US: Radioactive rabbit trapped at Hanford Nuclear Waste Facility near Richland, Washington. The frisky critter is said to have been trying to corner the Glow-in-the-Dark Easter egg market. Officials quickly scented the perimeter of a Breeder(sic) Reactor with fox pis (WD-40?) to deter copy
"A man that would expect to train lobsters to fly in a year is called a lunatic; but a man that thinks men can be turned into angels by an election is a reformer & remains at large."
— Finley Peter Dunne
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
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