Our Daily Bleed...
He ambles along like a walking pin cushion,
Stops & curls up like a chestnut burr.
He's not worried because he's so little.
Nobody is going to slap him around.
— Chu Chen Po (9th century).
Translated from the Chinese by Kenneth Rexroth
LUIS ANDRES EDO
Militant historian of the Spanish anarcho-syndicalist movement.
Alternate Saint (2003-4):
Mystical Shawnee prophet,
twin brother of Tecumseh,
forged a pan-Indian united front against US aggression.
FESTIVAL OF STOLEN FIRE.
FEAST OF FREE PAMPHLETEERS
1687 -- Antiquarian William Stukeley lives, Hollbeach, Lincolnshire. Principal among his 20-odd works on the antiquities of England are those about Stonehenge & various reputed Druid remains.
1811 -- US: Battle of Tippecanoe. Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader William Henry Harrison, governor of Indiana, defeats an Indian group; the fame for this feat later helps him gain the US presidency.
1837 -- US: Abolitionist newspaperman Elijah P. Lovejoy murdered by an armed mob, Alton, Illinois.
1867 -- Physicist Marie Curie lives.
1874 -- US: Republican Party elephant first appears, (in Harper's Weekly).
1879 -- Ukraine: Leon Trotsky, Russian Bolshevik who will lose out to Uncle Joe Stalin, lives, Yankova.
1879 -- France: Benoît Broutchoux lives (1879-1944). French anarchist, adherent of neo-Malthusian ideas & "free love" advocate.
Broutchoux collaborated with Sébastien Faure. His son Germinal was killed by the police in 1931. Broutchoux & Charles Malato spoke at the massive gathering at
Louise Michel's final graveside ceremony.
October 2nd 1993, Lille, France: Meeting & discussion organized by F.A. Group "Humeurs noires," CNT, Centre Culturel Libertaire following the 2nd edition of the comics "Benoit Broutchoux." Centre culturel libertaire Benoit Broutchoux, Groupe May Picqueray 1-2, rue Denis-du-Peage 59800 Lille.
1880 -- France: Arrivée de anarchiste Louise Michel à Londres.
1885 -- France:
Benoît Malon constitue la Société d'économie sociale
1889 -- Author Mark Aleksandrovich Aldanov lives.
1891 -- Spain: Santiago Salvador Franch tosses two bombs into the audience at Teatre Liceu opera house during a performance of the opera William Tell, killing 22 people. The bombing was initially blamed on the anarquista José Codina, then on Mariano Cerezuela (both executed on May 21, 1894) & finally attributed to Salvador.
The violence of the anarchists did not always land at the feet of tyrants...
[Details / context]
1893 -- Spain: Felice Orsini tosses two bombs into a Barcelona opera house to avenge the execution of Pauli Pallas (who killed a civil guard during an rebellion September 24, 1893). 20 dead & several casualties. A state of siege is declared in the city & hundreds of anarquistas arrested & tortured by the army.
1894 -- Spurned by his girl friend, poet Robert Frost, 20, wanders through the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia, where he has gone to think black thoughts.
1901 -- Cecília Meireles lives, Rio de Janeiro, Guanabara. Brazilian journalist, teacher & poet, perhaps the best of her time writing in Portuguese. Taught, among other places, at the University of Texass. Initiated the first children's library in Brazil in 1934, & wrote several children's books.
1903 -- A request from Columbia that she be allowed to land troops in Panama to protect her own territorial integrity is denied by the commanders of US warships in the area. To protect US "interests," as you no doubt suspected.
1907 -- México: Dynamite explodes on a locomotive, kills engineer Jesus Garcia.
1908 -- US: Omaha chief of police prevents Emma Goldman from lecturing in the hall of her choice, where she hoped to lecture between the 7th-13th (we Americans proudly call this free speech); crowds gather to hear Emma at other sites in the city.
Emma has just concluded speaking in cities throughout Missouri: Springfield, Liberal, & Kansas City.
Her lectures in Des Moines, Iowa, on the 15th are successful, but lectures in Minneapolis & St. Paul poorly attended. Between the 24th-30th, she appears in Winnipeg, Canada for lectures & a debate with socialist J. D. Houston.
1912 -- US: Ernest Riebe's "Mr. Block," IWW labor comic strip, makes it's first appearance.
Riebe & his "Block Supply Co." at P. O. Box 156, Minneapolis, are long gone, but his comic art is still making people laugh — & think.
One of the best-loved features in the Wobbly press, & his comic book was a hot seller for years. Joe Hill wrote a "Mr. Block" song, & Riebe brought out two more Mr. Block comic books, a Mr. Block play, & Mr. Block postcards. Other IWW artists introduced Block into their own cartoons.
Like all labor cartoonists, Riebe is largely overlooked in the various surveys of US comics issued by the big multinational publishers. Increasingly, scholars recognize Riebe as an important figure & some call him the first "underground" comic book artist.
Throughout the 1980s, Riebe's work was prominently featured in Carlos Cortez's cross-country Wobbly Art Show. Historians Joyce Kornbluh, Dave Roediger & Sal Salerno have reproduced Mr. Block cartoons in their pathbreaking studies of the Wobbly counterculture.
1913 -- Algeria: Albert Camus lives, Mondovi. Wrote The Stranger, The Myth of Sisyphus, gets Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957. In 1959, started the review "Freedom," in support of conscientious objectors.
French Existentialist, Bleed Saint 1998, 2008-2009.
Wrote for numerous libertarian publications. Camus' relationship to anarchism considered at:
"L'histoire d'aujourd'hui nous force à dire que la révolte est l'une des dimensions essentielles de l'homme."
1914 -- US: First issue of The New Republic published.
1915 -- Switzerland: Création d’un Comité d’action international pacifiste; les opposants à la guerre, parmi lesquels Alphonse Merrheim et Albert Bourderon.
[Source: Le Libertaire]
1915 -- México: Emiliano Zapata finally issues a proposed labor law. It includes an 8-hour day, prohibition of work for children under age14, worker cooperatives to run factories abandoned by owners, & a fixed minimum wage. But "it failed to respond to some of the most important demands [of the] Mexican labor movement," & exposes Zapata's lack of understanding of his urban counterparts.
1917 -- Russia: The Bolshevik coup leaves the Communist Party as the new landlord-occupant of the Winter Palace. They dig the digs, move in for the long haul, & bring the hopes of the Russian Revolution to a screeching halt with what in effect is a counter-revolution. Party, bureaucracy, capitalism & hierarchical authority are the operative concepts.
1918 -- US: Billy Graham invades earth.
1918 -- Germany: Kiel Mutiny, following the imprisonment of 600 sailors, sparks a general uprising. The provisional government declared by Independent Social Democrats will be overtaken by the Bavarian Raterepublik — the Workers', Soldiers', & Farmers' Councils — within five months.
"Red Bavaria" Revolution. Workers revolt. The Bavarian monarchy is overthrown & a Republic is declared by the Socialist Kurt Eisner, who becomes its president.
Eisner proposes a ministry position to the anarchist Erich Mühsam. Mühsam refuses, preferring to fight along with Gustav Landauer, Ernst Toller, Ret Marut (now best known as the novelist B. Traven), & others, for the development of Workers' Councils & self-managed co-operatives.
Denn in der Poesie sind
Worte und Begriffe das
Instrument, das uns zur
Musik führt, -zum
Unsagbaren, das in uns
einschwingt und uns
Ernst Toller, playwright, became chairman of the Central Council of the farmer & soldier, & leader of a Red Army.
The Munich Soviet (or "Council Republic") of 1919 exhibited certain features of the TAZ, even though — like most revolutions — its stated goals were not exactly "temporary." Gustav Landauer's participation as Minister of Culture along with Silvio Gesell as Minister of Economics & other anti-authoritarian & extreme libertarian socialists such as the poet/playwrights Erich Mühsam & Ernst Toller, & Ret Marut (B. Traven), gave the Soviet a distinct anarchist flavor. Landauer, who had spent years of isolation working on his grand synthesis of Nietzsche, Proudhon, Kropotkin, Stirner, Meister Eckhardt, the radical mystics, & the Romantic volk-philosophers, knew from the start that the Soviet was doomed; he hoped only that it would last long enough to be understood.
— Peter Lamborn Wilson
1919 -- US: "Palmer's Reign of Terror" begins: 3,000 anarchists imprisoned without bail, Ellis Island in NY harbor, in a "Freedom-loving" nation (just don't try to practice it!).
1920 -- Russia: Emma Goldman attends the third anniversary of the October Revolution in Petrograd, in her estimation "more like the funeral than the birth of the Revolution."
Also during this month, following the Red Army's murder of Nestor Makhno's commanders in the Crimea while negotiating under a white flag, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Leon Trotsky orders an attack on Makhno's headquarters; Makhno manages to escape, eventually reaching Paris where he lives in exile. Trotsky orders the arrest & imprisonment of Russian anarchist Voline.
Sowing what he one day shall reap, "The Red Butcher" creates a fine legacy.
1921 -- Dancer Isadora Duncan, sympathetic to the Soviets, attempts to meet with Emma Goldman.
1921 -- Italy: Fondazione del Partito Nazionale Fascista durante il Congresso fascista a Roma (-11 November). Segretario del partito viene eletto Michele Bianchi, ex sindacalista rivoluzionario.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
Luís Andrés Edo, anarcho-syndicalist lives. Anarquista who fought the repressions of Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Franco's Spain. An untiring militant & author of two books (2002 & 2006).
1933 -- India: Gandhi begins tour for Harijan uplift.
1933 -- US: Blue Moon UpRising? Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law.
1936 --"This war we wage is to squash the enemy in front of us. But the enemy is also he who opposes the Revolution's conquests."
— Buenaventura Durruti,
Radio speech, November 7, 1936
1936 -- Francisco Pérez Mateo, an artist, dies. Active on the Republican side during the first months of the war, Pérez Mateo was known primarily as a sculptor, a fact which makes this poster an oddity among his work.
Pérez Mateo belonged to some of the leading artists' associations of the time, such as the Sociedad de Artistas Ibéricos, & was included in an exhibition by this group in Paris in 1936.