Our Daily Bleed...
Western wind when wilt thou blow
the small rain down can rain
Christ if my love were in my arms
& I in my bed again.
— Anon (before 1500)
"Mama Africa." South African songstress, anti-apartheidist.
Polish anarchist freedom fighter, "The Martyr of Ushuaia."
Lousa, Portugal: ST. MARTIN'S EVE FESTIVAL OF BEBIANA, said to be Martin's sister.
Her name derives from "beber" (to drink). Martin, patron of revelry, presides over slaughter of festival pigs. Torchlight procession with "Bebiana" in wheelbarrow, a flask to her lips. She then delivers a sermon on the evils of drunkenness, a temperance hymn is sung, & everyone gets stinking drunk.
A note on St. Martin, patron saint of drunks & inn keepers.
He was of noble birth (whatever that means) & given to drunken debauchery most of his life. Eventually he lost his taste for the booze & acquired one for denatured christianity. So he took to prosthelitizing with the same zeal that he had once shown for the bottle.
One day he was lecturing the folks in a village about their wicked ways & a goose started honking so loudly that it interfered with his speech. Not to be outdone he ordered the goose slaughtered, & then finished his sermon. Afterward the goose was cooked & served to him.
St. Martin choked to death eating the goose.
This important note from the christian tradition teaches us to be very careful about how we treat our critics.
— Bleedster Gus, 10 Nov 2000
Daily Bleed co-Saint, 2006-2008
Caricaturist, satirist, master observer of human foibles.
At age eight, Lakshmibai marries the raja of Jhansi. When her husband dies in 1853, the English seize Jhansi & deny Lakshmibai the throne. During the Great Rebellion — which the British call the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, 22-year-old Lakshmibai joins the rebels & trains an army of women to defend her fortress.
In 1858, she is forced to abandon Jhansi, but escapes with most of her troops. Male rebel leaders ignore her warnings of imminent British attack. Lakshmibai died in the ensuing battle while commanding 300 troops. She becomes a national heroine in India.
1862 -- México: Magonista Camilo Arriaga lives (1862-1945), San Luis Potosí. Published the manifiesto "Invitación al Partido Liberal." An intellectual who acquainted many leaders of the PLM with anarquismo; ironic, as he never embraced the full extent of Magon's radicalism.
"Camilo ponía en nuestras manos a Carlos Marx. Por camilo conocí al dulce príncipe Kropotkin y toda la biblioteca Stock, que se especializaba en publicar y distribuir las obras de los líderes anarquistas europeos."
PATRICK PEARSE, 1997 SAINT
Irish liberationist, martyr.
1879 -- Vachel Lindsay lives, Springfield, Illinois. Louis Untermeyer calls the poet "a rhyming John the Baptist singing to convert the heathen."
1883 -- Norway's foremost poet Olaf Bull lives. Known to be anti-authority & regarded an “outsider” in society, Bull was hired by James Joyce to teach the latter to read Norwegian, & lines from Bull's poems echo through "this spider's web of words", as Joyce called Finnegans Wake, & Bull materializes under the name "Olaph the Oxman", a pun on his surname.
1885 -- Paul Daimler, son of engineer Gottlieb Daimler, becomes the world's first motorcyclist when he rides his father's new invention on a round trip of 6 miles.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1887 -- US: Chicago Haymarket "martyr" Louis Lingg, 22, cheats the state the day before he & the other anarchist's scheduled execution, commiting suicide in his prison cell. (see 4 May 1886). Inspires the rock'n'roll song line, "Louie, Louie, Oh we got to go now..."
"...I despise you. I despise your order, your laws, your force-propped authority.
Hang me for it!"
— Louis Lingg's last words in his address to the court in the Haymarket Trial
Lingg was one of eight men accused of the bombing in the notorious Haymarket Riot. He was found guilty (on very weak evidence) &, along with four others, sentenced to be hanged. Lingg however, had a dynamite cap smuggled into his cell & detonated it in his mouth, cheating the State of all its glory. (All the anarchists were posthumously pardoned.)
"The Words of this man seemed like deeds..."
— FRANK HARRIS, author
National & international protest to spare the Haymarket anarchists had gone unheeded. When the Illinois Supreme Court rejected their appeal, George Bernard Shaw wrote (this is close to his exact words):
"If the world must lose eight of its people, it can better afford to lose the eight members of the Illinois Supreme Court.
See also Louis Lingg, Address to the Court, Famous Speeches of the Chicago Anarchists (Chicago: 1912). Reprinted in Dave Roediger & Franklin Rosemont, eds., Haymarket Scrapbook (Chicago: Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company, 1986)
1889 -- Spain: Barcelone, dans le Palais des Beaux-Arts, se tient le "Segundo Certamen Socialista" (deuxième Concours Socialiste).
Le 10 novembre 1889, à Barcelone, dans le Palais des Beaux-Arts, se tient le "Segundo Certamen Socialista" (deuxième Concours Socialiste). "L'anarchisme espagnol atteint, avec cet acte, son zénith culturel, qui est à la fois la manifestation culturelle et collective la plus importante de l'anarchisme mondial" (Vladimir Muñoz).
Les travaux de nombreux anarchistes sont portés à la connaissance, notamment ceux de Fernando Tarrida del Mármol "La teoría Revolucionaria"; Ricardo Mella "La Anarquía, su pasado, su presente y su porvenir"; etc. mais aussi ceux d'Anselmo Lorenzo, de Soledad Gustavo, de Josep Llunas, etc.
1890 -- Italy: Pietro Gori is released from jail.
Pietro Gori was involved in a Mayday demonstration this year which led to clashes between workers & "forze dell’ordine," & he is arrested on May 13th, along with 27 students & laborers.November 10, 1890
Gori is accused of “ribellione ed eccitamento all’odio fra le diverse classi sociali” (fomenting rebellion & class hatred) & organizing strikes towards these ends. Tried & condemned to a year in jail, Gori is locked up in Livorno & then d Lucca, before his sentence is reduced & he is freed today.
1891 -- Gay French gun-runner, former poet Arthur Rimbaud dies, Marseille.
"I don't see how you can claim Rimbaud died in Marseille — he died we think somewhere in Africa, unless someone found out something recently..."
— Bleeder Dave W, Detroit, 1997
" ...As for me, I am intact, & I don't care."
— from "Bad Blood," A Season in Hell
BleedMeister notes: Before his 20th birthday, Rimbaud quit writing. Wandered Europe before becoming a trader & gunrunner in Africa. Ill, he returned to Marseille in June of 1891. His right leg was amputated, probably due to the complications of syphilis, & he was nursed for a time by his tender sister Isabelle until his death today.
1891 -- Poland: Simón Radowitzky (Szymon Radowicki) lives (1891-1956), Stepan, Polish Ukraine. Legendary Polish anarchist who killed police chief Ramon Falcón, tossing a bomb into his car, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 14 November 1909.
[In November 2003, a popular assembly, meeting in the Plaza named after the brutal Falcon, voted to change its name to that of Simón Radowitzky.]
[More details + links]
[Details / context] on Radowitzky's assassination of Falcón
1893 -- Russia: Gregori Maximov (G.P. Maximoff), Russian-American anarcho-syndicalist, lives, Mitushino, Smolensk.
See the Anarchist Encyclopedia page,
1898 -- US: 400 white Democratic Party activists in Wilmington, North Carolina begin general massacre of blacks. They storm through the black section of town, assassinating black political officeholders. 30 (possibly as many as 100) blacks die in the massacre. They then depose the mayor, force all remaining black officials to resign, & install a new government by force.
1910 -- US: Emma Goldman sets out to organize public protest in response to the pending execution of Japanese anarchist Shusui Kotoku, his common-law wife, Kanno Sugako, & 24 others.
1913 -- Karl Shapiro lives (1913-2000). American poet, professor & Pulitzer Prize-winner in 1945.
I am an atheist who says his prayers. I am an anarchist, &
a full professor at that. I take the loyalty oath...
I drink my share & yours & never have enough.
I free-load officially & unofficially.
— Karl Shapiro, "The Bourgeois Poet"
"Shapiro Is All Right!"
Thus exclaimed the title of a review, years ago, of one of Karl Shapiro's books in the "New York Times Book Review". The reviewer was William Carlos Williams...
"When I first got into poetry around 1946, Karl Shapiro was a significant presence," poet Philip Levine commented. "That he could write in spoken American English & in traditional forms, the forms we typically associate with English poetry, was enormously important to me. Here was a modern urban guy who spoke right to me."
But as his career progressed, Shapiro challenged the value of his early work, viewing the traditional form as stifling to the poet's creativity. In lectures & essays he championed the free verse of Walt Whitman & the Beat poets. He later criticized such modern poetic heavyweights at T.S. Eliot & Ezra Pound, whom Shapiro (much like Kenneth Rexroth) believed were making poetry "a diseased art."
Triumphant at the final breath,
Their senile God, their cops,
All the authorities & friends pro tem
Passing her pillow, keeping her concerned.
But the cowardly obit was already written:
Morning would know she was a common slut.
— Karl Shapiro, excerpt, "Death of Emma Goldman,"
From Person, Place, & Thing (1942)
1914 -- US: During this month a nationwide coal strike occurs.
1920 -- Italy: The first significant Fascist incursion occurs today when Fascists & soldiers attempt to seize the town hall in Livorno, following the example of successful disruptions of socialist councils elsewhere.
However, as news of the raid spread, power workers turned out the lights & the working class districts mobilised en masse to march into the centre & reclaim it.
Then again on February 16, 1921 the Fascists attempt to break a strike by operating the trams. But they met mass resistance, with one tram load being attacked by over 400 people.
Source, "The First Anti-Fascists: The Fight Against Mussolini's Rise to Power in Italy" (Barricada, October 2001)
Of related interest, see Larry Gambone's The Road To Fascism: The Rise of Italian Fascism & Its Relation to Anarchism, Syndicalism & Socialism (AK Press, 2001) & also "Italian Syndicalism & Fascism,"
1924 -- US: Society for Human Rights, first gay rights organization in the US, founded in Chicago.
1924 -- Spain: 26-year-old José Llacer & 19-year-old Juan Montejo, militantes of the anarcosindicalistas union CNT, are executed following the November 6th attack on the Atarazanas barracks, both also implicated in assassinating Rogelio Pérez, the "Torturer of Barcelona," on May 28 of this year. Juan MONTIJO ARANZA et de José LLACER BERTRÁN
1938 -- Italy: Vengono varati ulteriori decreti antisemiti. Sono proibiti i matrimoni degli italiani di "razza ariana" (sic) con i cittadini di altra razza. Gli ebrei non possono accedere a cariche elettive e sono sottoposti a limitazioni nell'esercizio delle attività economiche. Fanno eccezione gli ebrei benemeriti del fascismo.
Source: [Crimini e Misfatti]
1938 -- France: Premier of issue of S.I.A., the weekly paper of International Solidarity Antifascist. Louis Lecoin, Nicolas Faucier & Vintrigner oversaw its publication, with contributions from activists involved in the struggles of freedom & social justice, now mobilized in support of the Spanish people in their fight against Fascism.
[Details / context]
Graphic, SIA, Numéro du 16 février 1939; courtesy Ephéméride Anarchiste
1949 -- Louis Rimbault dies. French libertarian militant & proponent of vegetarianism.Rimbault was convicted for "complicity" in Bonnot Gang activities. He was an active opponent of state communism, & a proponent of vegetarianism (credited for "the basconaise," a single dish recipe made up of about 30 vegetables).
1950 -- Canada: US Air Force B-50 bomber carrying an H-bomb develops engine trouble over Canada, crew members detonate the bomb (with its plutonium core removed), scattering 45 kg of highly enriched uranium into the atmosphere only 2,493 feet over Riviere du Loup, Quebec.
1951 -- US: Hosea Richardson becomes first black jockey to ride in Florida.
1951 -- First long distance telephone call without operator assistance.
"String telephones are a great activity for examining how sound is created, transmitted (both in air & solids) & received. Our students experimented with creating string phones with different materials & compared the results. Surprisingly, string was one of the worst types of line to use.
1956 -- Billie Holiday returns to the New York City stage at Carnegie Hall after a three-year absence. The concert was called a high point in jazz history.
1958 -- Netherlands: Constant Nieuwenhuys & Guy Debord's 'The Amsterdam Declaration' issued in — surprise! — Amsterdam.
"The SI's minimum program is the development of complete environments, which must extend to a unitary urbanism, & research into new modes of behavior in relation to these environments." (excerpt)
The declaration is reprinted in December in "Internationale Situationniste" #2 & also in German translation.
See also Debord's "Constant & the Path of Unitary Urbanism"
http://www.notbored.org/constant-debord.html | http://www.cddc.vt.edu/sionline/chronology/chronology.html
1960 -- Russia: Party-Time?: 81 Communist Parties meet in Moscow to get down, rock-on!
1964 -- Australia: Re-introduction of conscription announced for Vietnam War.
1968 -- Ida Cox, blues singer of such songs as "Wild Women Don't Have the Blues," dies in Knoxville, Tennessee.
1969 -- US: "Sesame Street" first aired on television.
1973 -- US: Kurt Vonnegut's novel Slaughterhouse 5 is burned as "tool of the Devil" by school board, & the teacher who assigned it for reading is fired, Drake, North Dakota.
"The whole problem with the world is that fools & fanatics are always so certain of themselves, but wiser people so full of doubts."
— Bertrand Russell
"Wherever they burn books they will also, in the end, burn human beings."
— Heinrich Heine
1975 -- Man the Oars? Ore ship Edmund Fitzgerald & crew of 29 lost in a storm on Lake Superior.
After a while we took in the clothes,
Nobody said very much.
Just some old wild shirts & a couple pairs of pants
Which nobody really wanted to touch.
Mama come in & picked up a book
An' Papa asked her what it was.
Someone else asked, "What do you care?"
Papa said, "Well, just because."
Then they started to take back their clothes,
Hang 'em on the line.
It was January the thirtieth
And everybody was feelin' fine.
Mama, of course, she said, "Hi!"
"Have you heard the news?" he said, with a grin,
"The Vice-President's gone mad!"
"Where?" "Downtown." "When?" "Last night."
"Hmm, say, that's too bad!"
"Wreck Of The Edmund Fitzgerald," Gordon Lightfoot from Summertime Dream
An account of the giant ore carrier Edmund Fitzgerald which sank in Lake Superior in November 1975
The legend lives on from the Chippewa on down
Of the big lake they call Gitche Gumee
1976 -- England: London Murray Defence Group occupy Aer Lingus offices in Regent Street. Similar protests are made in Madrid & Sydney, the first 'reciprocal' protest to be made in Spain for years.
See the Chronology in Albert Meltzer's I Couldn't Paint Golden Angels
1980 -- US: "I'd Rather Not?": Media hotshot, news anchor Dan Rather refuses to pay his cabbie; CBS pays the $12.55 bill.
1982 -- Leonid Brezhnev, general secretary of the central committee of the Communist Party & the Soviet Union, dies of a heart attack.
1989 -- The Rhythm & Blues Foundation presents its first lifetime achievement awards in Washington DC. Among the honorees are bluesmen Charles Brown, Ruth Brown, Percy Sledge ("When a Man Loves a Woman"), & Mary Wells ("My Guy").
1994 -- Iraq: Losers & Weepers?: Iraq formally recognizes nation of Kuwait. Saddam loves Kuwait.
1995 -- Nigeria: Ken Saro-Wiwa & eight other human rights activists are executed by the illegal military government. Clinton administration refuses to pursue sanctions. Some terrorists are okay in the American lexicon.
Daily Bleed co-Saint, 2006-2008
Nigerian ecological liberationist, Ogoni martyr.
2000 -- US: Electoral politics... "We have just reached the twilight zone of American politics."
We could have had a Bradley or a McCain brave & true,
Instead you gave us Al Gore & this asshole double-u,
Should we blame the parties?
Should we blame the Dems?
Or the sodding electorial college system?
With their Elian hullabaloo
& those crazy old folks too
The count must be done,
The race must be run,
The votes must be in,
& George must not win,
We must complain & make a scene
Before somebody thinks to blame the Greens!
2001 -- Ken Kesey (1935-2001) dies. Hippie bus driver, psychedelician, anarchist, author, flew over the cuckoos nest.
|"You are either
bus or you're not on the bus."
Kesey was a paid volunteer experimental subject, taking mind-altering drugs & reporting their effects. His experiences as an aide at a psychiatric hospital & LSD sessions served as background for his novel, One Flew Over Cuckoo's Nest, which was set in a mental hospital. The book reveals the dehumanising effects of the social conformity of the 1950s.
Kesey formed the 'Merrie Pranksters', bought an old school bus, & toured America & Mexico with his friends. Their weird exploits are chronicled in Tom Wolfe's The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test (1973).
2006 -- Germany: 2nd International Action Conference "Rostock II" (November 10 to 12), in Rostock. Meetings have already been held by the so-called Dissent! Network, primarily anarchist & autonomous groups, gathering to organize G8 summit protests.
2008 -- South African singer, "The Empress of African Song," Miriam Makeba dies, Castel Volturna, Caserta, Italy.
2084 -- Transit of Earth as seen from Mars.
The mass production of instruments of comfort — all equally revolutionary, according to the publicity handouts — has given the most unsophisticated of people the right to express an opinion on the marvels of technological innovation in a tone as blase as the hand they stick in their pants. The first landing on Mars will pass unnoticed at Disneyland.
— Raoul Vaneigem, "Technology & its mediated use" in The Revolution of Everyday Life which BleedMeister helped co-publish back in his Left Bank Books Collective days
ANARCHIST ALMANAC, TIMELINE
anti-CopyRite 1997-3000, more or less
Subscribe to daily email excerpts/updates (include 'subscribe bleed' in subject field),
or send questions, suggestions, additions, corrections to:
BleedMeister David Brown
Visit the complete Daily Bleed Calendar
The Daily Bleed is freely produced by Recollection Used Books
Over 2 million a'mopers & a'gawkers since May 2005
anarchist, labor, & radical used booksSee also: Anarchist Encyclopedia
Stan Iverson Memorial Library
Anarchist Time Line / Chronology