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Our Daily Bleed...

Our Daily Bleed: Katie Sierra, Jehan Mayoux, Ba Jin (Pa Chin [Li Feigan]), Jules Durand, Emiliano Zapata, Unione Sindacale Italiana, Emma Goldman, circle A symbol, Alliance Ouvriere Anarchiste; anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarians, What Happened on this day, in recovered history November 25

The river I have under my tongue,
Unimaginable water, my little boat,
And curtains lowered, let's speak.

      — Paul Eluard 1895-1952, "The River"


Pa Chin / Ba Jin

Pa Chin, Chinese anarchist author

Leading Chinese novelist of 20th-century independence, lifelong revolutionist, anarchist.
Purged during the Cultural Revolution.
Nominated for the 1975 & 2001 Nobel Prize in Literature.

The 2001 nomination letter notes,

"Ba Jin has made great efforts in fighting for man's freedom, democracy, man's psychic liberation; his in-depth exploration about human nature & man's esteem has been recorded in the history of Chinese culture."


Suriname: INDEPENDENCE DAY (1975).

England: CATHERNING DAY: traditionally, young women make merry today.


1500 -- Spain: Columbus returns after his third voyage to the New World, in chains. Too little, too late.
[Source: Robert Braunwart] [Hereafter noted with symbol: Source=Robert Braunwart]

1562 -- Lope de Vega lives. Prolific playwright, pioneer of Spanish drama, author of as many as 1800 plays & several hundred shorter dramatic pieces, of which about 500 of his productions have been printed. Vega's own life was as dramatic as his plays: many love affairs brought him both notoriety & problems with the law, resulting in prison terms & exile.

1715 -- First English patent granted to an American, for processing porn.

1783 -- US: Nearly three months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris ending the American War for Independence, the last British soldiers evacuate New York City, their last military position. Following the withdrawal of the last British soldier, American General George Washington enters the city in triumph.

1857 -- American adventurer William Walker launches a new invasion of a Central American country. The invasion failed. Deposed as dictator of Nicaragua, Walker was returned, a prisoner, to New York.

1867 -- Alfred Nobel invents dynamite. Later, feeling bad, he invents Nobles.

BleedsterScott notes:

Noble used to test the efficacy of various formulations of nitroglycerin by placing a drop on an anvil & hitting it with a sledgehammer. While testing a particularly virulent batch his brother was killed. Alfred went into seclusion for several years.

His grief over this incident & press depictions of him as a merchant of death led him to create the Nobel Prize.


1871 -- Japanese socialist, writer & historian Toshihiko Sakai lives (d.1933). Best known for his translation work with Shusui Kotoku, with whom he co-founded Heimin Shimbun (Common Peoples' Newspaper). They were the first to translate The Communist Manifesto into Japanese (before Kotoku became an anarchist).

Waves book cover, Hogarth Press
1880 -- Leonard Woolf lives, London. Political writer who marries Virginia Stephen in 1912, & together they start Hogarth Press in 1917.

Book cover: Quack

1883 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Guy de Maupassant story "La Ficelle" (A Piece of String) is published.

1884 -- anarchist diamond dingbat Jean Lébédeff lives (1884-1970). Illustrator, anarchiste. His book illustrations of Kropotkin, Ferrer, etc., are well-known. He was included in the 2003 Erich Mühsam exhibition in Germany, which included original art by Augusts Herbin, George Grosz, Klaus Böttger, Karl George Deer & Herweg Zens. See Jean Lébédeff, Les Paris,imaginaires (Plasma, 1979).

1889 -- Resat Nuri Güntekin lives. A prolific Turkish novelist, short-story writer, journalist, & playwright. His best-known work is the novel Cahkusu (1922), a picaresque tale combining romance with realistic description of Anatolia.

1897 -- Spain: The "Carta Autonómica" is approved, conceding political & administrative autonomy to Puerto Rico. Allows the island to retain its representation in the Spanish Cortes, & provides for a bicameral legislature. This legislature consisted of a Council of Administration with eight elected & seven appointed members, & a Chamber of Representatives with one member for every 25,000 inhabitants.

Anarchist Circle A
1904 -- France: Jehan Mayoux lives, Charente. Teacher, pacifist, antimilitarist, anarchiste, poet.

Mayoux refused mobilization in 1939, costing him his teaching papers & five years in prison. He escaped but was recaptured by the Germans & sent to a camp in the Ukraine. Reinstated as a teacher after the war, & he became a friend of Surrealist poet Benjamin Péret.
Further details/ context, click here; anarchiste, anarquista, libertarian, anarchico, anarchy, anarchisten, Anarþist, anarho, anarkismo, anarki, anarchia, Anarchistyczne[Details / context]

 Ba Jin, anarchist
1904 -- Ba Jin (aka Pa Chin [pseud. of Li Feigan]) lives (1904-2005). Chinese novelist, discovered anarchism with the reading of Peter Kropotkin & Emma Goldman & created his pseudonym Ba (from Bakunin ) & Jin (from Kropotkin). Cruelly persecuted, but finally, in the decade of Deng Xiao-ping's reforms, he was elected honorary chairman of Chinese Writers' Association. Elected a contender for the 2001 Nobel Prize.

Ba Jin was constantly harassed by the Communists, & in 1949, was forced to rewrite his stories, removing or replacing all anarchist references with Communist ones.

& in 1966 he was again in disgrace, branded
"A great poisonous weed"

& his writings condemned as seditious.

Ba Jin's name in Chinese, source: Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1910 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Leonid N. Andreyev play "Anathema" opens (in Yiddish) in NY.

anarchiste Jules Durand
1910 -- France: Jules Durand (1880-1926), libertaire & revolutionary trade unionist, is sentenced to death in Le Havre, a victim of corrupt witnesses & smears by the local press.

... show details

1911 -- Source=Robert Braunwart China: Revolutionaries bomb Nanking.

Emiliano Zapata
1911 -- México: Tierra y Libertad demonstration, which includes the anarquista Emiliano Zapata. Zapata lanza el Plan de Ayala (still considered the most radical reform program in Mexican history).

"It is better to die on your feet
than to live on your knees."

       — Emiliano Zapata

Further details/ context, click here; anarquista, anarchy, Anarþist, anarkismo, anarki, anarchia, Anarchistyczne[Details / context]

1912 -- Francis Durbridge lives. English tv, radio, & mystery writer whose best known series character is Paul Temple & his wife Steve.

USI, red & black star
1912 -- Italy: The Unione Sindacale Italiana (USI) anarcho-syndicalist union, meeting since the 23rd, formally founded, in Modena. Within a year it has nearly 100,000 members.

1912 -- Source=Robert Braunwart George Bernard Shaw play "Androcles & the Lion" premiers, Berlin.

1913 -- Physician/writer Lewis Thomas (The Lives of a Cell) lives, Flushing, New York.

1914 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Thomas Hardy play "The Dynasts" opens in London.

1917 -- Germany: Peace demonstrations in Berlin, Halle, Leipzig, Mannheim, Stettin & elsewhere.

1918 -- anarchist diamond dingbatRussia: Second All-Russian Conference of Anarcho-syndicalists meets in Moscow (November 25-December 1).

1919 -- US: Amid a strike for union recognition by 395,000 steelworkers (ultimately unsuccessful), approximately 250 "anarchists," "communists," & "labor agitators" were deported to Russia yesterday, marking the onset of the so-called "Red Scare."

The United States:
"a country where truth is tarred & feathered, lynched, imprisoned, clubbed, & expatriated as undesirable...

       — George Bernard Shaw (1925)

US Factoid
1919 -- US: Department of Labor orders antiwar activist & anarchist Alexander Berkman's deportation to Russia. Emma Goldman's deportation order follows on Nov. 29. Their lawyer Weinberger meets in Washington, DC, with immigration officials, including Anthony Caminetti & Assistant Secretary of Labor Louis F. Post.

Nathanael West
1921 -- Novelist & radical Nathanael West flunks out of Tufts, where he got in by falsifying his high school transcripts. Befriended many struggling writers & artists as a hotel clerk. Wrote Day of the Locust.

As a young lad in the Navy, BleedMeister marks his interest in literature to finding a copy of Miss Lonelihearts buried in a locker (we later discovered it was the "ships' library"). This was in the olden days, when the Rolling Stones only had one album....[I'm a king bee baby, buzzin round your hive...]

1922 -- Ex-libertarian socialist & syndicalist Benito Mussolini made dictator of Italy.

Book cover: Quack

1922 -- US: Marcus Garvey electrifies a crowd at Liberty Hall in NY city as he states the goals & principles of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA):

"We represent peace, harmony, love, human sympathy, human rights & human justice...we are marshaling the four hundred million Negroes of the world to fight for the emancipation of the race & for the redemption of the country of our fathers."

1924 -- Mauri Sariola lives. Wrote also as Esko Laukko. Prolific Finnish mystery writer, who gained international fame with his inspector Susikoski stories. His wife Tuula took credit for 16 novels he wrote.

1941 -- Annie Mae Bullock is born in Nutbush, Tennessee. Meets Ike Turner in the early 1950's at a Saint Louis club. In 1959,they form the Ike & Tina Turner Revue. She breaks with him & goes on to a more successful solo career, with multi-platinum album "Private Dancer" & five Grammy awards.

1946 -- US: Supreme Court awards $1.3 million to the Siletz, Alsea, Yaquina & Neschesne tribes for illegally taken Oregon lands. (United States v. Alcea Band of Tillamooks, 329 U.S. 40 (1946))

Hollywood Blacklist
1947 -- US: The Hollywood Ten is blacklisted.

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1949 -- US: St. Louis chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) presses a sit-in campaign designed to end segregation in downtown facilities.

Bo Jangles dancing
1949 -- Bill "Mr. Bojangles" Robinson finally touches down, Los Angeles.

BILL ROBINSON 1997 & 1999 Jubilee Saint
"Mr. Bojangles." Roustabout, tap dancer par excellence.

... show details

1952 -- Kenya: Mau Mau revolt.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'

1956 -- Belgium: At its foundation in Brussels, the Alliance Ouvriere Anarchiste (AOA) adopts the "circled-A" symbol.
@ Circle-A

The origin of the "circled-A" as an anarchist symbol is less clear.

Many think that it started in the 1970s punk movement, but it goes back to a much earlier period...

Diego Ribera mural
1957 -- Radical Mexican muralist Diego Rivera dies, México City, Mexico.

1963 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Edgar Rice Burroughs novel Savage Pellucidar is published. This issue of Antiquarian Bookman is devoted to E.R. Burroughs.

1967 -- US: Last flower-child hippie-type demos in NYC. After this, militancy rules the day.

1968 -- US: American socialist, novelist, politician, Upton Sinclair dies. Dragon's Teeth (1942), which dealt with Germany's descent into Nazism, 1930 to 1934, won him the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1943.

The Jungle, vintage film poster

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Edmund Wilson says: "Practically alone among the American writers of his generation, [Sinclair] put to the American public the fundamental questions raised by capitalism in such a way that they could not escape them."

1969 -- US: Pre-History? Jack Anderson reports that phone calls praising a recent interview with Spiro Agnew, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader in Charge of Vice, started coming in seven hours before the show was even broadcast.

Uncle Sam --with a gun-- I Want You!
1969 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Dick M Nixon declares the US will not engage in bacteriological warfare.

1969 -- Yes Sir, No Sir?: Sir John Lennon sends his MBE back to the Queen along with the eloquent message:

"Your Majesty, I am returning this MBE in protest against Britain's involvement in the Nigeria-Biafra thing, against our support of America in Vietnam, & against "Cold Turkey" slipping down the charts."

— With love, John Lennon of Bag.

1970 -- Infertile?: Right-wing gay Japanese novelist Yukio Mishima, 45, dies by his own hand (commits sepuku, ritual suicide) hours after finishing his tetralogy, The Sea of Fertility. (Finishing touches?)

"What people regarded as a pose on my part was actually an expression of my need to assert my true nature, & .... what people regarded as my true self was a masquerade."

       — Yukio Mishima

Albert Ayler
1970 -- Jazzman Albert Ayler's body is found floating in the East River, at the foot of Congress Street Pier, in Brooklyn.

1974 -- England: Four days after two separate Irish Republican Army (IRA) bombs kill 21 & injure over 100 more in Birmingham, England, the British government outlaws the IRA in all of Great Britain, including Northern Ireland.

... show details

1974 -- Nick Drake
“Fame is but a fruit tree —
So very unsound.
It can never flourish
Till its stalk is in the ground.
So men of fame
Can never find a way
Till time has flown
Far from their dying day.”

England: Nick Drake is no longer a stranger among us, dies after eating his corn flakes, a possible suicide.

NICK DRAKE, former Daily Bleed Patron Saint.
'And now we rise / & we are everywhere'
Incomparable British pop-folk & protest composer/balladeer.

1976 -- Outer Space: Viking 1 radio signal from Mars helps prove general theory of relativity. Bug-eyed alien

1977 -- anarchist diamondUS: The New York Yiddish anarchist weekly, the Freie Arbeiter Stimme (Free Voice of Labor) closes shop.

Contributors were diverse, including Thomas Bell, Harry Kelly, Anatol' Konse, Max Nomad, Rudolf Rocker, Augustin Souchy, Max Nettlau & Christian Cornelissen.

Further details/ context, click here[Details / context]

1983 -- Canada: Postal workers cut postal rates from 82 cents to 10 cents.

1984 -- US: Volunteers in Provincetown, Massachusetts save a humpback whale from suffocating in a fish net.

1985 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Australia: An unknown person wearing a chicken suit walks in on the proceedings of the House of Representatives at Canberra. They probably ate him.

1986 -- Oliver Hardy puppet US: Wars Go Better With Coke? Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Lt. Col. Oliver North fired by the Reagan White House for being too.....Ollie. Can't spell Nuremberg? Bill Clinton takes heart: Ollie was never actually imprisoned for lying to Congress.

... show details

1988 -- US: 2,000 march in NY city to protest sale of furs. Over 50 other cities hold demonstrations.

1989 -- Educated as a veterinarian, author Birago Ismael Diop is active in the Negritude movement in the 1930s & agitates, until he dies today, for a return to African cultural values.

1992 -- Denmark: 87 nations meet in Copenhagen & agree to accelerate their schedules for phasing out ozone-depleting CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) chemicals by 1996. The US, surprisingly, opposes the agreement.

1997 -- US: Salt & Pepper? During a traditional town "reenactment" of the Thanksgiving myth, Plymouth, Massachusetts police attack Native American demonstrators, beating & pepper-spraying several & arresting 25.

1997 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Canada: 2,000 demonstrate at the APEC summit in Vancouver, BC.

1997 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Congo: Police flog 10 journalists for attending an opposition meeting.

1998 -- US: Microradio movement news accounts on the struggle to free the airwaves: Broadcasters take protest to new level.
The Oakland Tribune, November 25, 1998.
Source: [Pirate Radio Kiosk]

2000 -- US:


Uncle Sam with Florida as Penis

2000 -- Factory fire in Bangladesh kills 51 workers, most teenagers, in a tragic fire bearing striking similarities to the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire of 1911.

2001 -- Source=Robert Braunwart Afghanistan: Hundreds of US marines land near Kandahar, to protect US oil opium "interests." Meanwhile, the city of Kunduz falls to the Northern Alliance & 300 foreign Al-Queda prisoners are killed in a prison uprising.

Katie Sierra
2001 -- US: No anarchy club in Kanawha County Schools! Katie Sierra, a 15-year-old tenth grader at Sissonville High School in Charleston, West Virginia is suspended for anti-war sentiments & her desire to start a student anarchist club.

Colloque d'Histoire poster
2005 -- France: Colloque d'Histoire, « la Charte d’Amiens a 100 ans » lieu de naissance de Victor Griffuelhes, secrétaire général de la CGT en 1906 et rédacteur de la Charte avec Émile Pouget. (November 25-26).

3000 --

“We can comprehend this world only by contesting it as a whole ...

The root of the prevailing lack of imagination cannot be grasped unless one is able to imagine what is lacking, that is, what is missing, hidden, forbidden, & yet possible, in modern life.”

— Situationist International

3500 --

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