Our Daily Bleed: Arsène Lupin, Alexandre Jacob, "lois scélérates, Ricardo Flores Magón, Ángel Pestaña Núñez, ISABELLE EBERHARDT; anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarians, What Happened on this day, in recovered history December 11
Between going & staying the day wavers,
in love with its own transparency.
The circular afternoon is now a bay
where the world in stillness rocks.
All is visible & all elusive,
all is near & can't be touched.
Paper, book, pencil, glass,
rest in the shade of their names.
Time throbbing in my temples repeats
the same unchanging syllable of blood.
The light turns the indifferent wall
into a ghostly theater of reflections.
I find myself in the middle of an eye,
watching myself in its blank stare.
The moment scatters. Motionless,
I stay & go: I am a pause
— Octavio Paz, "Between Going & Staying"
American short-story writer, poet, political activist.
Geneva, Switzerland: THE ESCALADE.
Gala carnival commemorating December 11, 1602, when alarms bells rang in the middle of the night.
The Savoyards were scaling the city walls. Men rushed to battle stations, women to the kitchens where they heated great pots of soup & water, which were dumped on the enemy with great success...
masquerades & revels.
LACEMAKERS' HOLIDAY, Northants: traditionally a day dedicated toward unbridled licence as women & men dress in each others' clothes & imbibe large quantities of hot elderberry wine.
1282 -- Wales: Death of the last true Prince of Wales, Llywelyn. Wales has suffered under England's thumb, more or less, ever since. & those wacky Windsor's who they laughingly call the Prince of Wales!
1781 -- Scotland: Sir David Brewster inventor of the kaleidoscope lives.
1810 -- Romantic poet Alfred de Musset lives, Paris, France. Heine describes him as "a young man with a promising past." http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/demusset.htm
1844 -- US: "Feed me, I'm hungry!"? First use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Connecticut. Anesthesia was first used in dentistry.
"I myself made some observations on . . . nitrous oxide intoxication, & reported them in print. One conclusion was forced upon my mind at that time, & my impression of its truth has ever since remained unshaken.
It is that our normal waking consciousness, rational consciousness as we call it, is but one special type of consciousness, whilst all about it, parted from it by the filmiest of screens, there lie potential forms of consciousness entirely different."
1864 -- Maurice Leblanc lives. French author/journalist, known as the creator of Arsène Lupin, French gentleman-thief turned detective.
Alexandre Jacob (1879-1954), the anarchist bandit credited with over 150 burglaries, is the original "Arsene Lupin" in the French detective novels of Maurice Leblanc, with only slight exaggerations which made him a sensational "fictional" character.
"…As I see things, I am not a robber. In creating man, Nature gave him the right to live & man has the duty to exercise that right in full. So if society fails to provide him with the wherewithal to survive, the human being is entitled to seize what he needs from wherever there is plenty."
— Alexandre Jacob
[Details / context]
1872 -- US: P.B.S. Pinchback, a mulatto, sworn in as first black member of US House of Representatives.
1875 -- Robert Louis Stevenson complains of Robert Browning's prolific output: "He floods acres of paper with brackets & inverted commas."
1890 -- Mark Tobey, artist, lives (1890-1976) — celebrator of Pike Street Market (where the radical collective Left Bank Books is located) & other things Seattleian.
1893 -- France:
1893 11-15 décembre. — Vote des premières "lois scélérates" ("villainous laws," nickname for very severe anti-anarchist laws; more are enacted in July 1894) contre les anarchistes.
[Details / context]
1906 -- Birago Ismael Diop lives, Dakar, French West Africa (now Senegal). Senegalese poet & recorder of traditional folktales & legends of the Wolof people.
1911 -- México: Yaquis in Sonora, influenced by the anarquista Ricardo Flores Magón
, reclaim stolen communal lands ("Tierra y Libertad!"
). Their war with government lasts, officially, until 1929.
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1911 -- Nobelist Naguib Mahfouz lives (1911-2006). Egyptian novelist & short story writer, author of the Cairo Triology, his early influences include Hafiz Najib — thief, jailbird, renowned cop baiter & author of 22 detective novels — Taha Hussein, & the socialist Salama Moussa. http://www.theparisreview.org/interviews/2062/the-art-of-fiction-no-129-naguib-mahfouz
1912 -- US: Alexander Berkman
& Emma Goldman
speak at the Chicago celebration of Peter Kropotkin
's (the "Anarchist Prince", born December 9) birthday. They had previously celebrated his 70th birthday in New York City on the 7th.
1917 -- US: Thirteen black soldiers hanged for alleged participation in a riot in Houston, Texass.
1918 -- Author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich; Gulag Archipelago
) lives, Kislovodsk in Caucasus Mountains. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/alesol.htm
1919 -- US: Enterprise, Alabama unveils its monument to the Boll Weevil.
1920 -- Ireland: Martial law declared due to Republican Army rebellion.
1922 -- American author Grace Paley lives. Compiles a long & honorable arrest record in the cause of peace; in the history of US resistance, no activist has reaped nearly as many literary honors. http://www.warresisters.org/node/370
1927 -- China: Soviet-style Canton Commune begins. Wiped out after three days fighting by the Russian Communist-supplied Kuo Min Tang. Marxist dogmatism betrays the best chance yet of proletarian power in China.
Society of Friends of Music is founded at the Library of Congress, DC.
Argentina: Buenos Aires police thwart an attempt on US pres.-elect Herbert Hoover. Hoover goes on to be an architect, creating utopian "HooverVilles" all over the US.
1928 -- Cuba: Tomás Gutiérrez Alea lives, Havana. Important director in the "Golden Age," & his later Fresa y chocolate
(1993), about intolerance, & portraying the friendship between a homosexual & a young communist, is the first Cuban production ever nominated for the Oscars. Earlier films include Death of a Bureaucrat
(1966), Inconsolable Memories
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2005-2008
Major Cuban film director,
1930 -- US: 60-branch Bank of the United States suspends payments — largest bank failure to date in New York State history.
1932 -- US: Real Flakes?: Snow falls in Frisco, California.
1933 -- Portugal: The militant anarco-sindicalista Acácio Tomás de Aquino is arrested & imprisoned until 1949. Tossed into the the Trafaria penitentiary, he is sent to Angra do Heroísmo (1934-1937), & then spends the next 10+ years in the Tarrafal concentration camp in the Cape Verde Islands until his release in September 1949.
DEZEMBRO Excerpt from the Portuguese article lest it disappears: A copy is in bleedwork for dates & names;
Acácio Tomás de Aquino nasceu a 9 de Novembro de 1899, na freguesia de Alcântara, em Lisboa. Filho de uma família operária, após ter feito a quarta classe, cedo ingressou no mundo do trabalho, exercendo a profissão de pedreiro durante vários anos na Carris. O seu sentido de justiça e de liberdade encaminhou-o para a luta contra a opressão e a exploração capitalista, razão pela qual, na década de 20, se tenha tornado um militante activo do ideal acrata na Juventudes Sindicalistas e na CGT. Com a fascização dos sindicatos, passou a assumir um papel relevante na organização da greve geral do 18 de Janeiro de 1934.Tendo sido descoberto pela polícia, foi preso a 11 de DEZEMBRO / DECEMBER de 1933. Durante 1 ano esteve preso no presídio da Trafaria. Desde 1934 a 1937 esteve preso em Angra do Heroísmo, e daí em diante permaneceu no campo de concentração do Tarrafal até Setembro de 1949. Regressado a Lisboa, por conta própria, volta a exercer a profissão de pedreiro. Embora tivesse vivido as adversidades do regime fascista de Salazar, isso não o impediu de continuar a lutar contra as expressões negativas da ditadura. Após a ocorrência do 25 de Abril de 1974, conjuntamente com um grupo de companheiros que conhecia há longa data, colaborou activamente na estruturação do Centro de Estudos Libertários e no reaparecimento do jornal A Batalha. Em ambos os casos, foi um lutador incansável do desenvolvimento das ideias e práticas libertárias na região portuguesa. A partir do momento em que se verificou a impossibilidade histórica da emergência de um anarco-sindicalismo actuante no meio operário português, passou o resto da sua vida a apoiar esse projecto. Como grande testemunho histórico, da sua vida e obra, existe um documento que importa sobremaneira ler: O Segredo das Prisões Atlânticas, Lisboa, Regra do Jogo, 1982. No fim, velho e cansado, sem as faculdades físicas, mentais e psíquicas que tinham norteado a vida de um homem bom, fraterno e solidário, deixou este mundo em 30 de Novembro de 1998, sem poder ver e viver aquilo que sempre desejou: uma terra sem deuses e sem amos. Tal como Acácio Tomás de Aquino, Luísa do Carmo Franco Elias Adão que morreu, recentemente, em 8 de Fevereiro de 1999, foi uma companheira que esteve sempre intimamente ligada às ideias e práticas da acracia. Filha de Francisco Rodrigues Franco e sobrinha de José Rodrigues Franco, nasceu a 19 de Junho de 1914. Com o seu pai e o seu tio aprendeu e sofreu as vicissitudes da luta contra a opressão e a exploração do homem pelo homem. Antes do advento histórico do fascismo salazarista em Portugal, não foi por acaso que o movimento libertário teve uma grande expressão no distrito de Setúbal nas primeiras da século. Neste aspecto, sublinhe-se o papel do militante anarco-sindicalista Francisco Rodrigues Franco na Associação dos Marítimos de Setúbal e na Cooperativa de Pesca de Setúbal. José Rodrigues Franco era membro do grupo "Porvir" e como militante anarco-individualista foi um lutador incansável contra a Primeira Guerra Mundial de 1914-18. Devido a este ambiente familiar, Luísa Carmo Franco Elias Adão tornou-se militante das Juventudes Sindicalistas aos 16 anos. Durante a ditadura exerceu a profissão de enfermeira e, como era normal nessa altura, tentou resistir e lutar no sentido do ideal que abraçou. Após o 25 de Abril de 1974 ajudou na reconstrução do jornal A Batalha e tornou-se militante activa do Centro de Estudos Libertários
1936 -- Elizabeth Bowen, writing in the Spectator
, remarks of Aldous Huxley:
"He is at once the truly clever person & the stupid person's idea of the clever person."
In Huxley's dystopia, there were no big brothers to watch over us. As far as he was concerned, none were needed. As Postman summarized:
What Orwell feared were those who would ban books. What Huxley feared was that there would be no reason to ban a book, for there would be no one who wanted to read one. . .
Orwell feared the truth would be concealed from us, Huxley feared the truth would be drowned in a sea of irrelevance. In 1984. . . people are controlled by inflicting pain, in Brave New World they are controlled by inflicting pleasure.
"In short, Orwell feared that we hate what will ruin us," Postman concluded, "Huxley feared that what we love will ruin us."
1937 -- Spain: Ángel Pestaña Núñez, dies, in Bagà, Barcelone.
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1937 -- Italy leaves the League of Nations. Germany & Japan left the League of Nations in 1933. The League is helpless against the aggressive atmosphere in Europe, the world is on the edge of a world war again.
1937 -- American author Jim Harrison lives.
1939 -- American author Thomas McGuane lives.
1941 -- US: The Western Defense Command is established with Lt. Gen. John L. DeWitt as commander. The West Coast is declared a theater of war. [Sources]
1946 -- US: ¶ During this month Beatster Jack Kerouac meets Neal Cassady. Kerouac's marriage to Edie Parker, whom he married in 1944 for bail money, is annulled. Earlier this year he begins writing The Town & the City, Herbert Huncke introduces the word "beat" to Kerouac, et. al ., & he begins using the drug Benzedrine regularly. [Exact dates not given — ed.] http://www.cosmicbaseball.com/jkchrono.html
Bertrand Russell recommends that all warmongers spend time in a boat in a shark-infested pool. We humbly suggest they forget the part about the boat.
1951 -- US: Illinois State mine inspector approve coal dust removal techniques at New Orient mine in West Frankfurt. Ten days later, largely because of coal dust accumulations, the mine explodes, killing 119 workers.
1958 -- Italy: Alberto Meschi
(1879-1958), anarchico, dies.
Italia in Carrara
Meschi is one of the beautiful & beloved figures of the Italian anarchist movement. A self-taught anarchist & worker, he emerged as a highly respected libertarian & trade-union leader. For over 20 years the union paper Il Cavatore was dedicated to his name, & the city of Carrara, where he died, has a monument in his honor.
Archibald MacLeish play "JB" opens, NY (364 performances, Pulitzer).
1960 -- Algeria: French paratroopers fire on civilians in Algiers, killing at least 65.
1961 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader JFK provides US military helicopters & crews to South Vietnam. Kennedy orders 425 helicopter crewmen sent to provide training & support for South Vietnamese forces. They are the first US military personnel to be sent.
1964 -- US: Anti-Castro terrorists attempt to assassinate Che Guevara during his speech at the United Nations in New York City.
US: Whose On First Bass? Novelist/prankster/anarchoid Ken Kesey holds his Third Acid Test, at a Palo Alto nightclub. http://wild-bohemian.com/kesey.htm
Sci-fi writer Brian W. Aldiss marries Margaret Manson. (No, sorry kids! That's Margaret
, not Marilyn).
1969 -- US: Leaking nerve gas necessitates the evacuation of the Army's Chemical Warfare Test Center near Dugway, Utah. (or the 19th?)
1969 -- US: The Big Rock School — a free school run by Ute, Creek, Blackfoot, Paiute, Comanche & Mono instructors — is established by the Indians of All Tribes occupiers on Alcatraz, the prison island where 19 Hopi men had been incarcerated for refusing to send their children to state-run schools.
Source: [Calendar Riots]
1971 -- John Lennon releases album containing songs with the word "fuck." "If you can't say 'fuck,' you can't say 'fuck the government.'"
— Lenny Bruce
1971 -- US: Third retrial of Black Panther head, Huey Newton, ends in mistrial.
1972 -- James Brown is arrested after a show in Knoxville, Tennessee & charged with "disorderly conduct." Brown & two members of his entourage were talking to fans about narcotics use when a white man told police the singer was trying to incite a riot. However, after Brown threatens to sue the city for $1 million, the event is then termed a "misunderstanding."
Go To Hell??! French priest Georges de Nantes is convicted of libeling Jacques Isorni in an argument over who was responsible for crucifying Jesus.
1976 -- Nature
publishes an article entitled "Naming the Loch Ness Monster" ("Nessiteras rhombopteryx" is suggested).
1978 -- US: Six masked men tie up 10 employees at Lufthansa cargo area at New York Kennedy Airport & take off with $5.8 million in cash & jewelry.
1980 -- US: Small is Beautiful? Nancy Reagan reveals she keeps a gun in a drawer near her bed. "Ronnie was away a lot, you know,"
she explains, "& I was alone in that house."
& what kind of gun is it? She laughs. "It's just a tiny little gun." http://recollectionbooks.com/siml/library/reagan.htm
1981 -- El Salvador: El Mozote massacre, the slaughter of a whole village, reputedly the worst such atrocity in modern Latin American history. It’s always good to know where American tax dollars go, & just who arms & trains terrorists around the world. The Reagan crime gang in the White House dismisses it as FMLN propaganda to undermine its efforts to foist a positive human rights spin of the Salvadoran government, which the US was bolstering with massive military aid. (It keeps getting better: under Bush I, 13,000+ civilians are killed in 1991 alone.) Another in a series of shameful US-supported mass murders hidden from the American public by a complicit/censorious media. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Mozote_massacre
1983 -- Fall of Rome?: First visit to a Lutheran church by a pope (John Paul II in Rome).
1984 -- England: 20,000 women turn out for anti-nuke demonstration at Greenham Common.
1984 -- Nobel Prize-winner (1977) Vicente Aleixandre dies. Spanish poet, banned by Beloved & Respected Comrade Fascist Leader Francisco Franco. His haunting poetry was little known to younger generations before he won the Nobel but has slowly gained a wider audience. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1977/
1986 -- Zoned Out?: South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone treaty comes into effect.
1986 -- U.N. agency UNICEF, promoting child education, established. The program becomes a center of US refusal to pay its U.N. dues, with the US claiming UNICEF programs are socialist & anti-American. Two-strikes & yer out....
1987 -- Egypt: Collision of a bus & a train on the outskirts of Cairo causes the deaths of 50 schoolchildren, 6 teachers, & the bus driver.
1991 -- Artur Lundkvist, dies in Stockholm. Influential member of the Swedish Academy, poet, novelist, essayist, & member of the Fem Unga ("Five Young Men") group of Swedish writers. Among his more than 70 books are Det talande trädet
(The Talking Tree, 1960) & Flykten och överlevandet
(Escape & Survival, 1977), both combining poetry & prose.
Salman Rushdie calls for his novel, Satanic Verses
, to be issued in paperback.
1994 -- Chile invited to enter NAFTA at Summit of the Americas, Miami.
The US government & a few elite US corporations have long ago replaced Chilean democracy with a military dictatorship under the butcher Augusto Pinochet.
Pinochet undertakes a campaign of genocide against labor, activist workers & those to the left of his extreme rightwing pals.
American Republicans love him. In the economic realm, so-called "radical" capitalist economist Milton Friedman has plotted out an economic dictatorship. Together they effect a destruction & terrorism in Chile in mere years — while decrying Castro's comparatively "mild" tyranny, now decades old.
1994 -- Chechnya: Russia invades. Seems just like yesterday. Or today.
Alexander Brener, in one of his most political actions, went to Red Square in boxing equipment in the middle of the war campaign in Chechnya & shouted in the direction of the Kremlin: "Yeltsin, come out!"
1998 -- US: Microradio movement news accounts on the struggle to free the airwaves: FCC Closes Micropower Station in Gainesville, Florida.
[Source: Pirate Radio Kiosk]
1999 -- México: México City UNAM Strikers Demand Freedom for Mumia Abu-Jamal, Protest Seattle Repression. Riot police arrest students after a protest at the US embassy, today, opposing police-state repression at the recent World Trade Organization (WTO) meeting in Seattle.
2001 -- US: Frenchman Zacarias Moussaoui becomes the only person charged in the US for the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks; he has been in jail since Aug. 17.
2002 -- China: Dinosaur named for Jurassic Park author Michael Crichton.
State media, according to Agence France-Presse today, in Beijing said Chinese archaeologists named a newly discovered species of dinosaur, ankylosaurus, "Crichtonsaurus bohlini" in honour of Crichton. The name was coined at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology & Paleoanthropology (IVPP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Unlike the flesh-eating tyrannosaurus rex which terrified cinema-goers in Jurassic Park, Crichtonsaurus were large armor-plated vegetarians which appeared in the late Jurassic era.
2002 -- US: Another US Star Wars antimissile test fails— record is now five "successes" out of eight at shooting down targets that contain homing beacons.
Proof that not all social welfare programs have been slashed to the bone. The mentally ill are being kept off the streets where they can clearly do no harm.
2009 -- Vatican: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Pope Benedict XVI claims he shares the "outrage, betrayal & shame" felt by the Irish people over the findings of the Murphy Report into sexual abuse by his clergy in Dublin. The cockles of catholic hearts & fans of TV reruns of "What's My Line" are really really warmed.
2010 -- US diplomatic cables uncovered by WikiLeaks show the Vatican's refusal to co-operate with the Murphy Report child sexual abuse inquiry in Ireland, & that Pope Benedict XVI approved conversions to Catholicism of Anglicans who opposed the ordination of women priests.
Separateness, as, lands in severalty, i.e., lands held individually, not in joint ownership. Certain tribes of Indians are believed now to be sufficiently civilized to have in severalty the lands that they have hitherto held as tribal organizations, & could not sell to the Whites for waxen beads & potato whiskey.
Lo! the poor Indian whose unsuited mind
Saw death before, hell & the grave behind;
Whom thrifty settler ne'er besought to stay —
His small belongings their appointed prey;
Whom Dispossession, with alluring wile,
Persuaded elsewhere every little while!
His fire unquenched & his undying worm
By "land in severalty" (charming term!)
Are cooled & killed, respectively, at last,
& he to his new holding anchored fast!
— Ambrose Bierce, Devil's Dictionary
3500 -- Anarchist Almanac