Our Daily Bleed...
he river I have under my tongue,
— Paul Eluard, "The River"
Illustration by Flavio Costantini
HALCYON DAYS begin, a two-week-long celebration when the fabled bird calms the wind & waves.
A time of calm & tranquility.
1136 -- Harald IV "Gylle Krist," king of Norway, murdered. His younger brother prince of Hark of Forth "Kringle Kist" claimed innocence, with the lame alibi: "I was going house to house in my red underwear, dropping down the chimney & leaving presents under the tree." He was ripped apart & fed to reindeer by the angry mob for witchcraft. "Whom could possibly ever believe such crappola?" cackled some old hag.
1287 -- Zuider Zee seawall collapses with loss of 50,000 lives. Some claim this was a taste of God's wrath, for having too many fingers, in too many dykes.
1503 -- Nostradamus, crackpot, lives, France. Predicts Franco will cause civil war in Spain & the Austrian "Hister" will lead Germany in a great war against many nations.
1640 -- Aphra Behn, the first Englishwoman to earn her living as a writer, is baptized at St. Michael's Church in Harbledown, near Canterbury, Kent. When she becomes a spy for Charles II's government, payment is so slow that she is put in debtor's prison, where she writes many of her earthy social comedies.
1656 -- Artificial pearls first manufactured by M. Jacquin in Paris, made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales.
1685 -- William Wycherley's "The Plain Dealer" is produced at court.
1763 -- New Old World: 57 whites enter Conestoga Indian settlement, & in violation of a treaty made between the tribe & William Penn — to last "as long as the sun should shine, or the waters run in the rivers" — shot, stabbed, & hatcheted the three men, two women & one young boy they found there (more on 27 December).
Analytical-minded precursors of Natural Scientists, Economists & Anthropologists, Christ-bearer & his accomplices find things, objects, which they automatically categorize as obstacles or as potential instruments.
— Fredy Perlman, Against His-story, Against Leviathan!
1791 -- Playwright, poet, literary historian, & critic who brought the Danish Romantic movement to an end, Johan Heiberg lives, Copenhagen. His work establishes a new era of topical, sophisticated, & satirical literature.
1799 -- US: George "hemp dude" Washington wigs out at 67, of acute laryngitis at his estate, Mount Vernon, Virginia.
1825 -- Decembrist conspiracy in Russia.
1837 -- Canada: British forces crush rebellion.
1837 -- Canada: Gabriel Dumont (1837-1906) lives, Red River (during this month; exact day unknown). Métis leader, guerrilla fighter, marksman, prominent figure in Saskatchewan during the 1885 Northwest rebellion.
Daily Bleed Patron Saint 2008
Great Canadian Metis general, autonomist leader.
1845 -- André Bastelica lives (1845-1884). French printer & anarchist adherent of Mikhail Bakunin, castigated by Marx for "preaching total abstention from politics."
1851 -- France: Victor Hugo leaves Paris surreptitiously, following Louis Napoleon's coup d'etat.
1852 -- Daniel DeLeon lives, Curacao, West Indies. One of the American founders of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), socialist scholar & labor organizer.
1853 -- Italy: Theorist/militant/writer Errico Malatesta lives, Santa Maria Capua Vetere, Kingdom of Naples. Important militant figure of Italian & international anarchism.
1864 -- England:
Thomas Cantwell lives, London. Militant anarchist expositor. Published, with David J. Nicoll, the The Commonweal & also managed Freedom.
Le 29 décembre 1906, mort de Thomas Edouard CANTWELL (né à Londres le 14 décembre 1864), militant et propagandiste anarchiste anglais. Dabord vannier, puis imprimeur, il adhère à la "Socialist League" et en devient un des responsables. En 1885, il édite avec David J. NICOLL, le journal anarchiste "The Commonweal." Victime de la répression, il est condamné à deux reprises en 1891 et 1894, pour des délits de presse (dont une fois à 6 mois de prison). Il milite ensuite au groupe anarchiste "Freedom" dont il est un temps le gérant du journal.
1895 -- Italy: Francesco Barbieri lives, Briattica.Italia, anarchia, anarchismo, anarchica, anarquista, sindicalistas, anarco-sindicalismo / Brasil
An antifascist & anarchist militant, Barbieri successively fled to Argentina, Brazil, France, Switzerland & Spain, in his fight against the fascists. During the Spanish Revolution in 1936 he joined the Italian column fighting in Huesca.
While hospitalized in Barcelona in May 1937 Barbieri is arrested by cops under command of the Communists & his body is found full of bullet holes the next day, along with that of Camillo Berneri.
1895 -- Paul Éluard lives Saint Denis. French writer/surrealist/poet ("Capital of Pain").
Paul Eluard I have seen stomped by cops & mechanics on a piano & among broken bulbs, thirty to one against this somersault of the stars.
— A Wave of Dreams, Louis Aragon
A founder of Surrealism with Louis Aragon, André Breton among others, one of the important lyrical poets of the 20th century. Éluard rejected later Surrealism & joined the Communist Party in 1942. Many of his works reflect the major events of the century, such as the World Wars, the Resistance, & the political & social ideals of the 20th-century. His later work, after the Spanish Civil War, focused on the rejection of tyranny, suffering, brotherhood, & a search for happiness.
1898 -- US: The December 14, 1898 edition of Discontent (edited by Olivar A. Verity) notes "there were 51 colonists living at Home City [ Home Colony, Wa. ] & there were 15 homes. A 14x16 house made of rough board stood up & down could be purchased for the price of $20. The association 27 & a half acres deeded & 64 acres under contract to be deeded when paid for by incoming members, & 120 acres tax titles, but not yet deeded."
1900 -- German physicist Max Planck publishes his groundbreaking study of the effect of radiation on a "blackbody" substance, & the quantum theory of modern physics lives.
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