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Our Daily Bleed...

Our Daily Bleed Calendar: Eugene Relgis, Asger Jorn, Jean Dubuffet, Guy Debord, Alexander Trocchi, Abdelhafid Khatib, Luce Fabbri, Augustin Souchy, Diego Abad de Santillan, Max Nettlau, Rudolf Rocker, Joseph Dejacque, Michael Bakunin; a radical chronological almanac, anarchist CALENDAR, anarchism, anarchico, anarchiste, anarquista, anarsizm, anarþizme, Anarþist, Anarquismo, Anarchismus, anarchia, anarchisme, anarchizm, anarkisme, libertarian, What Happened on this day, in recovered history December 27

... candidates for the Universal Republic are bound together by the fact that they work together on a whaling-ship. They are a world federation of modern industrial workers.

They owe allegiance to no nationality. There are Americans among them, but it is the officers who are American. Among the crew nobody is anything. They owe no allegiance to anybody or anything except the work they have to do & the relations with one another on which that work depends. & we may add that they are not to be confused with any labour movement or what is today known as the solidarity of labour.

— C.L.R.James,
Mariners, Renegades & Castaways


American social critic, activist, Stalinist sympathizer, realist novelist. Died December 28.

South Africa: FEAST OF MARIMBA, Goddess of Musical Happiness.


Tonalpohualli, the sacred Aztec calendar: Today is Calli (House), it's protector is Tepeyollotl, Heart of the Mountain.

Calli is a good day for rest, tranquility & family life. Not a good day for participating in public life. Best spent cementing relationships of trust & mutual interests.

1512 -- Puerto Rico: The Burgos Law is issued, by Ferdinand II, the Catholic, of Aragón, regulating relations between Spaniards & the conquered Indians, particularly to ensure the spiritual & material welfare of the latter, who were often severely treated.

The Spaniards & Taíno Indians had a falling out in 1510, & the following year the Taíno Indians revolt against the Spaniards. Ponce de León orders 6,000 shot; survivors flee to mountains or leave the island.

"The history of an oppressed people is hidden in the lies & the agreed-upon myth of its conquerors."

— Meridel Le Sueur, author 2005: TO ADD / UPDATE: Natives: Hello, you must be the True White Brother Spaniards: & you must be the Indians Priest: Do you know what I'm holding over your heads? Natives: Why yes, it's a cross signifying the equal quartering of the universe into active & passive principals Priest: Lord have mercy on their heathen souls! Spaniards: What the Father means is, do you see what the cross is made of? Gold. You got any? Indians: This is gold... Spandiards: Corn! now we can make tortillas. We been waiting hundreds of years for this. Priest: Oh, by the way....Domini, Domini, Domini you're all Christians now --The Firesign Theater, "Forever Humbolt Country" ----- Original Message ----- From: "Ben Bradley" <> To: <> Sent: Thursday, September 07, 2000 8:54 PM Subject: Re: Topic: BOOKS! > I wonder how the Jewish, atheist & Bhuudist books would feel about > their titles ending up on crosses... "When the Spaniards took possession of Central America, they found in the native temples real Crosses, which were regarded as the symbol, sometimes of a divinity at once terrible and beneficent--Tlaloc, sometimes of a civiling hero, white & bearded--Quetzacoalt, stated by tradition to have come from the East. They concluded from this that the Cross had reached the Toltecs through Christian missions of which all trace was lost... Although this proposition has again found defenders in recent congresses of Americanists, it may be regarded as irrevocably condemned. It has been ascertained beyond all possibility of future doubt that the Cross of Pre-Columbian America is a kind of compass card, that represents the four quarters whence comes the rain, or rather the four main winds which bring rain, & that it thus became the symbol of the god Tlaloc, the dispenser of the celestial waters, & lastly, of the mythical personage know by the name of Quezacoalt. By a similar process of reasoning the Assyrians were led to represent by an equilateral cross their god of the sky, Anu... It is the same with the Chaldeans, Hindus, the Greeks, the Persians, & perhaps with the Gauls, & the ancient civilizers of Northern America. In China, the equilateral cross inscribed in a square, represents the earth... Egyptian writing utilizes among it's signs the Greek & even the Latin Cross... Among the Phoenicians & their kindred races, it was a character known by the name of tau...a sign of life & health. Among the Celts & the ancient Germans it was the representation of the celestial Two-Headed Mallet which was accounted an instrument of life & fecundity"... -Count Goblet D'Alviella, The Migration of Symbols, (Westminster, 1894) NY; University Books. 1956, facsimile reprint. "Ben Bradley" <> To: <> Sent: Thursday, September 07, 2000

1763 -- New Old World: A troop of 50 armed men enter the Workhouse at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, & hatchet to death the only 14 surviving Conestoga Indians (the rest of the tribe having been similarly dispensed with 13 days ago).

Having finished their fine work, the troop, in the words of Benjamin Franklin,

"huzzahed in triumph as if it had gained a victory, & rode off unmolested."

1815 -- US: Peace Society founded, Massachusetts. & none too soon.

illustration by Joseph Dejacque, anarchiste
1821 -- anarchist diamond dingbat France: Joseph Dejacque lives (1821-1864). French anarchist, got two years in prison for a volume of poetry, Lazaréennes: Socialist Fables & Poems. First publisher of Le Libertaire (while in exile in the US, in New York, 1858).
Further details / context, click here[Details / context]

1822 -- Louis Pasteur, bacteriologist, lives, Dole, France.

1827 -- US: Georgia passes law proclaiming "all the lands of Georgia belong to her absolutely. The Indians are tenants at her will." In another three years, legislation will mandate forcible removal of all Indians to west of the Mississippi River.

1831 -- Jamaica: The relative 'freedom' provided by designated holidays becomes the vehicle for the 'Christmas Rebellion' of upwards of 60,000 Jamaican slaves. Damaged estimated at over £1,132,000 [1831 prices] — see also 14 April & 18 August.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

old book
1834 -- British essayist/critic Charles Lamb, whose lighthearted style belies his tragic life, dies at 69 at his home in Middlesex.

1845 -- US: Ether first used in childbirth in US, Jefferson, Georgia. A tough choice: ether, or?

Jet-powered fire truck
1850 -- Hawaiian Fire Department established.

This 1940 Ford is powered by two Rolls/Royce Viper engines with afterburners. Guaranteed to be the first at any fire (if it doesn't start one), perhaps arriving before its own sirens! Developing 12,000 pounds of thrust, how fast will it go? Depends on how well you hold on!

1861 -- England: Mikhail Bakunin, the Russian anarchist, having landed in Liverpool yesterday, arrives in London.

Michael Bakunin, anarchist

Back in June Bakunin contrives his escape from exile in Siberia, arriving in Nikolavsk in July, sailing on the "Strelok" to Kastri where he boards the American merchant ship, "Vickery," to Hakodate, Japan.

Next he makes his way to Yokohama (here Bakunin runs into his old comrade Wilhelm Heine from the Dresden insurrection), &, in October, sails to San Francisco. In November he traverses the isthmus of Panama, & sojourns in New York & Boston where his old friends Karol Forster & Reinhold Solger put him in touch with progressive circles before he reembarks for London. where he goes to Herzen's house.

"Nothing is more dangerous for man's private morality than the habit of command. The best man, the most intelligent, disinterested, generous, pure, will infallibly & always be spoiled at this trade. Two sentiments inherent in power never fail to produce this demoralization; they are: contempt for the masses & the overestimation of one's own merits."

1866 -- Charles Dickens writes to an inquiring reader: "Dear Madame, you make an absurd, though common mistake in supposing that any human creature can help you to be an authoress, if you cannot become one in virtue of your own powers...."

1889 -- Bunk Johnson lives, New Orleans, Louisiana. Black American trumpeter, one of the first musicians to play jazz & a principal figure of the 1940s traditional jazz revival.

1893 -- Victor Considerant dies. French socialist who sought to develop & implement the theses of Fourier, in particular on the idea of the phalanstery. Published numerous papers: Phalanstère, La réforme industrielle, La phalange (1836), La démocratie pacifique (1843). Elected to the legislature in 1848, but forced into exile in 1849 in Belgium, then in Texass (1852), where he tried to found a colony. Amnestied, he returned to Paris &, in March 1871, Considerant joined the Paris Commune. Author of Destinée Sociale (1838), Manifeste de l'école sociétaire (1845), Théorie du droit à la propriété et du droit au travail (1848), etc.

"Si donc on veut la liberté..., il faut rechercher les conditions du bien-être général et de l'aisance universelle, premières bases du développement des droits, des libertés, première conditions de la véritable émancipation de tous."

       — Destinée sociale.

"Dans aucune oeuvre, la Commune sociétaire n'a été aussi bien élaborée que dans les écrits de Considérant.

       — Max Nettlau, anarchist historian

1896 -- American novelist/essayist, Louis Bromfield, lives, Mansfield, Ohio.

1896 -- In Nackenheim, Germany, Carl Zuckmayer lives. Much of his work was affected by the World Wars, such as his Der Hauptmann von Köpenick (1931, The Captain of Köpenick), a satire on Prussian militarism, Der Schelm von Bergen (1934, The Village of Bergen), &, one of his best-known dramas written in America, Des Teufels General (1946, The Devil's General), dramatizing the plight of men torn between loyalty to country & the demands of conscience.

Lost Weekend film poster
1900 -- US: Smashing Hit?: Terrorist Carrie Nation stages her first bottle-smashing raid on a saloon at the Carey Hotel in Wichita, Kansas. Nation carries the day; usually did her damage with a hatchet, calling her vandalism hatchetation.

1901 -- Stanley William Hayter lives, London. English printmaker/painter who founded Atelier 17, the most influential print workshop of the 20th century.

1901 -- Actress Marlene Dietrich lives, Berlin.

"Dietrich would never do that..."

       — Marlene Dietrich

1904 -- Peter Pan, by James M. Barrie, opens at the Duke of York's Theatre, London. Typical liberal media celebration of pedophillia & godless redskins. (Peter Pan is how old?!)

“I am old, Peter. I am ever so much more than twenty.”

1906 -- Andreas Feininger lives to take Route 66. American photographer & writer on photographic technique, noted for his nature & cityscape photographs.

Feininger Life cover

End of the World
1908 -- Snow Job?: Followers of Lee Spengler gather atop South Mountain in white to await the world's end.

"I was so excited I couldn't sleep for a week"

— Rev Hal Lindsey, author of The Late Great Planet Earth on his discovery that the world was coming to an end.

Projective Verse cover
1910 -- "Archaeologist of morning" Charles Olson lives, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Son of a mail-carrier, postmodern avant-garde poet & literary theorist, notable for his influence on American poetry during the late 1950s & assault prose, a dynamic mix of bold assertion & documentary material lacking conventionally logical connectives. From 1951 until its closing in 1956, Olson served as rector of Black Mountain College, inviting poets such as Robert Creeley & Robert Duncan to teach.

... show details

1913 -- Canada: Mass rebellion by IWW workers in Edmonton, Alberta forces city to house 400 unemployed during winter. Typical Canadians, too lazy to build their own igloos.

There are many in this old world of ours who hold that things break about even for all of us. I have observed for example that we all get the same amount of ice. The rich get it in the summertime & the poor get it in the winter.

— Bat Masterson, Western philosopher

1914 -- England: Founding of International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR), multi-faith peace group, Cambridge.

1916 -- US: Steelworkers strike in Ohio demanding the 8-hour day & an increase in wages. The strike ends in the New Year in their favor; the US government needs steel for armaments.
Source: [Calendar Riots]

1919 -- ?Germany: On the initiative of Rudolf Rocker, the founding Congress of F.A.U.D. (Freie Arbeiter Union Deutschland), free union of the German workers, is held in Berlin, from the 27th-30th.

Arthur Lehning & Augustin Souchy are among the founders, along with Rocker. FAUD declares itself anarchist-syndicalist — opposed to both the State & to parliamentarism.

It eventually counts 125,000 members.

1927 -- Russia: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Uncle Joe Stalin's faction wins All-Union Congress in USSR, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Leon Trotsky expelled. Stalin's complete control of U.S.S.R. nearly assured. Communist party congress bans all opposition to Stalin's policies. With Trotsky & others purged from the party, the Show Trials will soon begin, but not on CNN or HBO just yet.

1930 -- Wilfrid Sheed, editor, critic, & novelist (as Max Jamison), lives, London.

1938 -- In Chicago, Illinois, American novelist/playwright, Zona Gale, dies. Aside from her most popular Miss Lulu Brett, she wrote Friendship Village (1908), A Daughter of the Morning (1917), Birth (1918), considered by many to be her finest work, & Preface to a Life (1926).

1944 -- US: Truman authorizes the Secretary of War to seize all Montgomery Ward's property to force compliance with War Labor Board orders which Ward's was flagrantly ignoring.
1943-44, Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Chairman of Montgomery Ward refuses to comply with War Labor Board orders to extend contract signed in 1942.

Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Roosevelt orders seizure of Ward's property in Chicago, with Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Secretary of Commerce as manager.

After union elections, the seizure was terminated until December 27, 1944, when an executive order authorized the Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Secretary of War to seize all Ward's property to force compliance with War Labor Board orders which Ward's was flagrantly ignoring. The seizure was terminated in 1945 by Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Truman.

"A corporation cannot be ethical; its only responsibility is to turn a profit!"

— Milton Friedman, American rightwing darling, free-market proponent of the magic "trickle-down" your leg theory

Howdy Doody & Buffalo Bob
1947 -- US: First "Howdy Doody" television show broadcast.

"Hey kids... What time is it?

It's Howdy Doody time!"

anarchists Luce Fabbri, Augustin Souchy &  Diego Abad de Santillan share memories
1958 -- Argentina: A reunion of old friends at a meeting of the Argentinian Federación Libertaria today.

The Italian Luce Fabbri, the German Augustin Souchy & the Spaniard Diego Abad de Santillán share memories of clandestinity & repression due to their anarchist ideas & activities during the Spanish Revolution.

Host Abad de Santillan (1897-1983) was a leading figure in both the Spanish & Argentine anarchist movement. Fabbri (1908-2000) was forced to leave her country of birth in the fascist period & spent most of her life as a professor of Italian literature in Uruguay. Souchy (1892-1984) left Germany as a conscientious objector & went to Sweden in 1915, thereafter living in Spain & South America.
photo courtesy International Institute of Social History

1960 -- SI dingbat

Broken Nose

Asger Jorn records his first musical experiments with Jean Dubuffet (Nez cassé [Broken Nose])...

Also during this month, "Internationale Situationniste" #5 is published, edited by Guy Debord & Editorial Committee: Debord, Jorn, Kotànyi, Nash, Sturm, Wyckaert (resignation of Abdelhafid Khatib, Algerian section). Includes a report on the Fourth SI Conference in London, its Resolution Concerning the Imprisonment of Alexander Trocchi, & Jorn's "Open Creation & Its Enemies."

Spur #3, journal of the German section of the SI, appears in Munich. Includes 29 original lithographs by Asger Jorn & the Spur group (Helmut Sturm, Heimrad Prem, Hans-Peter Zimmer & Lothar Fischer). | [Situationist Resources]

1965 -- US: Old leadership of SDS unseated & women hold a closed door workshop at the SDS convention.

1968 -- Spain: Hunosa despide a 10 mineros asturianos. La huelga afecta a 5.677 obreros. 10 Asturian miners are fired. The resulting strike affects 5,677 workers.

Statue of the mighty Kim il-Sung
1972 -- North Korea: New constitution comes into effect. Sure, you betcha.

Now both Koreas rival US democracy, where American voters are free to choose between Ikea & Sleep Country,Pepsi Cola or Coca-Cola.

Clash album cover
1979 -- Ian Dury & the Clash headline the second of four concerts for the people of Kampuchea, in London.

1981 -- Hoagland Howard "Hoagy" Carmichael, pianist, vocalist & songwriter dies of natural causes in Rancho Mirage, California. Raconteur of the early days of jazz & Ten Pan Alley.

1981 -- US: Supreme Court Justice William Rehnquist — who has, for several months, been taking substantial doses of Placidyl (legal drug: not sold by blacks) to relieve intense back pain — checks into George Washington Hospital for treatment of side effects, including speech so severly slurred that he was frequently incoherent in court & according to a hospital spokesman, he is,

"hearing things & seeing things that other people did not hear & see."

1985 --

anarchist diamond dingbatUruguay: The Senate & the House of Representatives grant the anarchist & antimilitarist EugenioEugene Relgis (1895-1987) a «pensión graciable»; the decree (law 15,796) provides N$20,000 (twenty thousand new pesos) monthly. Apparently even aging anarchists like to eat. Durante los últimos años de su vida se mantuvo gracias a la «pensión graciable» que le tenía concedida el Senado y la Cámara de Representantes de la República Oriental del Uruguay: por ejemplo, por ley 15.796 del 27 de diciembre de 1985, el poder legislativo uruguayo decretó que se «incrementase la pensión graciable servida a Juan Ilaria, Julio Verdie y Eugen Relgis a la suma de (20 throusand new pesos) mensuales.»

1989 -- Disco line dance craze.

2007 -- Pakistan: A suicide gunman shoots former Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto, killing her, & then blows himself up killing at least 22 others at an election rally.

3001 --

The mansion was on a promontory, high over the Pacific. Money could see farther in the 1920s, & one could look out & see whales & the Hawaiian Islands & the Kuomintang in China.

       — Richard Brautigan, Trout Fishing in America

Blair Which, union activist poster; source
4500 --

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