Assignment #1 Answers

Intermediate C Programming

UW Experimental College

Assignment #1 ANSWERS

Question 1. What are the four parts of a structure definition?

The keyword struct, the structure tag (optional), the brace-enclosed list of member declarations (optional), and a list of variables of this structure type to be declared (optional).

Exercise 2. Add a ``help'' command.

Here is the code I added to the big if/else chain in commands.c:

else if(strcmp(verb, "help") == 0)
	printf("Here are some useful commands:\n");
	printf("n, north\tgo north\n");
	printf("s, south\tgo south\n");
	printf("e, east\t\tgo east\n");
	printf("w, west\t\tgo west\n");
	printf("look\t\tdescribe current room\n");
	printf("examine obj\tdescribe an object\n");
	printf("take obj\tpick up an object\n");
	printf("drop obj\tdrop an object\n");
	printf("i, inventory\tlist your current possessions\n");
	printf("There may be other commands, too!\n");
(This help text also contains a description of the new ``examine'' command, below.)

Exercise 3. Add a ``long description'' field to the object and room structures.

I added the line

	char *desc;
at the end of the definition of struct object in game.h, and also at the end of struct room. I modified the initializations of the objects and rooms arrays in main.c to give most of the objects and rooms descriptions:
static struct object objects[] =
/* [0] */ {"bed", NULL, "It is an old, four-poster bed with a lace coverlet."},
/* [1] */ {"diamond", NULL,
		"The diamond twinkles majestically as you hold it in the light."},
/* [2] */ {"kettle", NULL,
		"It is a dented old kettle.  You're not sure it would even hold water."},
/* [3] */ {"hammer", NULL},
/* [4] */ {"pliers", &objects[3]},
/* [5] */ {"doormat", NULL, "It says, \"Welcome\", in big, friendly letters."},
/* [6] */ {"pick", NULL, "It is an old miner's pick."},
/* [7] */ {"shovel", &objects[6]},
static struct room rooms[] =
/* [0]  */ {"field", NULL, {&rooms[1], NULL, NULL, NULL},
		"You are in an open field, with a house to the north."},
/* [1]  */ {"house", NULL, {&rooms[2], &rooms[0], NULL, NULL},
		"You are standing just to the south of a plain, white house."},
/* [2]  */ {"entry", NULL, {&rooms[3], &rooms[2], &rooms[5], NULL},
		"You are in the entryway of the house.\n\
A hall leads north, and there are doors to the south and east."},
/* [3]  */ {"hall", NULL, {&rooms[6], &rooms[2], NULL, &rooms[4]},
		"You are in a north-south hallway, with a door to the west."},
/* [4]  */ {"bedroom", &objects[0], {NULL, NULL, &rooms[3], NULL},
		"You are in what looks like a bedroom.  The exit is to the east."},
/* [5]  */ {"closet", &objects[1], {NULL, NULL, NULL, &rooms[2]}},
/* [6]  */ {"kitchen", &objects[2], {&rooms[9], &rooms[3], &rooms[7], NULL},
		"You are in the kitchen of the house.\n\
Doorways lead north and south, and there is a stairwell to the east."},
/* [7]  */ {"stairway", NULL, {NULL, NULL, &rooms[6], &rooms[8]},
		"You are in a stairway twisting down beneath the kitchen."},
/* [8]  */ {"basement", &objects[4], {NULL, NULL, &rooms[7], &rooms[10]},
		"You are in a dank basement.  There is a stairway to the east.\n\
It looks like someone has been digging at the west end!"},
/* [9]  */ {"porch", &objects[5], {NULL, &rooms[6], NULL, NULL},
		"You are on the back porth of the house.\n"
		"There is a doorway to the south."},
/* [10] */ {"tunnel", &objects[7], {NULL, NULL, &rooms[8], NULL},
		"You are in a low east-west tunnel, recently dug.\n"
		"The earth seems soft; you wonder how safe the ceiling is."},
(Initializing long descriptions in this way is not convenient, because the strings are, well, too long. I even embedded \n within some of the strings, to make them print on several lines, and I continued some of them them over two lines in the source code, just to make them fit on the page. You will notice that there are two ways of doing this: The descriptions of the entry, kitchen, and basement are extended onto the next line using \ as a continuation character. The descriptions of the porch and tunnel are split into two strings, on two separate lines but with no comma or other punctuation between them; this means that the strings are automatically spliced together at compile time, to form the equivalent of a single string. But if you don't use either of these methods, if you break a string constant across two lines without using \ or splitting it into two strings to be concatenated, the compiler complains.)

I added this code to the big if/else chain in commands.c, to implement an ``examine'' command:

else if(strcmp(verb, "examine") == 0)
	if(object == NULL)
		printf("You must tell me what to examine.\n");
		return FALSE;
	objp = findobject(player, object);
	if(objp == NULL)
		printf("I see no %s here.\n", object);
		return FALSE;
	if(objp->desc == NULL || *objp->desc == '\0')
		printf("You see nothing special about the %s.\n", object);
	else	printf("%s\n", objp->desc);
Finally, I rewrote the listroom function in rooms.c to look like this:
listroom(struct actor *actor)
struct room *roomp = actor->location;
if(roomp == NULL)
	printf("Where are you?\n");
printf("%s\n", roomp->name);
if(roomp->desc != NULL && *roomp->desc != '\0')
	printf("%s\n", roomp->desc);
if(roomp->contents != NULL)
	printf("room contains:\n");

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