The Prime Directive

As much as I respect Gene Roddenberry, something in Star Trek bothers me and that is the “Prime Directive”.  At first, I thought it only bothered me because it was inconvenient.  It meant, we would not be able to help someone in distress if they hadn’t previously been exposed to extraterrestrial civilizations.

Later, I realized what really bothered me was that it represented a world view that sets us, humanity, apart from everything thing else.  There is us, there is God’s plan, or nature, or the universe, and we aren’t part of it.  But I don’t believe that is true.  I believe we are an integral part of the universe, and an integral part of God’s plan, and if we encounter a civilization that hasn’t previously been exposed to extraterrestrials and if we alter the natural course of that civilizations development, then it was all part of God’s plan, and encountering us was part of their natural development.

So in my view, the Star Trek prime directive is bunk.  Just my opinion.

It Won’t Be Star Trek

Assuming that some form of faster than light travel, or some means of side-stepping the immense distances between star systems, is possible, we will, if we haven’t already, encounter intelligent civilized alien species from other star systems. The alien species on Star Trek are almost always humanoid, with roughly similar technology. Their guns might shoot green light beams while ours choose red, but otherwise they’re pretty similar.  Almost all speak English and the few that don’t can be spoken to with a universal language translator.

I expect the reality will be much different.  Given the universe has existed at least 13.8 billion years, and if you don’t believe the big bang model, possibly much longer, the odds are good that the vast majority of species that we encounter will be considerably more advanced than us, they won’t speak English, there will be significant differences in their body plans, and not all will even be humanoid.  There won’t be any such device as a universal language translator that can instantly translate an unknown language into perfect English and English back into that unknown language.

However, I don’t think it will necessarily be as dark as some people anticipate.  Many people consider the Earth’s history and what has happened on Earth when civilizations of unequal degrees of technological advancement meet.  It has universally not been a positive experience for the less advanced civilization.  But there are some major differences between these encounters and extraterrestrial civilization encounters that may occur.

The population on Earth has for all of recorded history been pretty close to the maximum that the Earth could support given our technological status at the time.  Improvements in technology such as irrigation, selective breeding, fertilizers, mechanical planting and harvesting, have allowed us to considerably increase the productivity of the land and thus to support larger populations, and the populations have always grown to what the new technological limits support.  So man has constantly always been looking for more resources and that makes it bad for the lower technology civilization when it encounters a higher technology civilization because in a competition for resources the lower technology civilization always loses.

If extraterrestrial civilizations can get here, one of two conditions is true.  The travel from a distant star is expensive, in which case coming here for resources will be too expensive to make it feasible on a large scale and thus they will not be a significant threat to our civilization.  The other possibility is that interstellar travel for them is cheap, in which case they will have access to such a vast amount of resources from asteroids and uninhabited planets that they will have no incentive for taking our resources.

Any alien civilization we encounter will most likely have survived element 92, which means the type of alien civilization portrayed in the film Independence Day or in the movie Alien most likely would have self-destructed before they developed interstellar space travel capability.

That isn’t to say there are no threats from encounters with alien civilizations.  There are many possibilities that could be threatening in ways not intended.  For example, the possibility that an alien species visiting our planet might unintentionally introduce invasive species.  Just as our cargo ships often unintentionally bring invasive species that either cling to the ship or are taken up in ballast water, or board the ship in one port and leave in another, so might alien species from other star systems unintentionally bring something here that thrives in our environment at the expensive of native species.  I’ve wondered if the chupacabra wasn’t some alien kids pets that got loose during an excursion to Earth, a pair that bred and propagated.

Another way interaction with an extraterrestrial alien race could be negative, and I believe this in fact is happening, is that if they provide technology to only a select few, and they give just enough technology for those select few to use it to take resources from other humans and not enough to go mine asteroids, or to reach other habitable environments, then those few will weaponize the technology and use it to control fellow Earthlings and steal their resources.

I hope that if an alien civilization opts to interact with us and share technology, they do so in a way that makes it broadly available to us so the temptation to weaponize it and use it on each other is minimized.  Unfortunately, there seems to be much evidence that exactly the opposite has happened, it’s been given government military people who only see technology as a more efficient method of killing people.

At any rate; language is going to have to be learned, just as it is when terrestrial civilizations meet.  Odds are good that it will be more difficult because the alien languages won’t have common roots with Earthly languages. The speech apparatus, if it exists, might be entirely different making entirely different vocal sounds that we can’t produce or possibly even hear.  Written languages might be similar or entirely different.  The human brain has a natural syntax that at least some human languages employee. Alien civilizations might have a much different natural syntax.

If alien biology developed independently, then the chances of aliens and humans mating and creating hybrids, like Warf and his human female companion which mated to create a half-Klingon half-human hybrid, not likely.  Not only would DNA not likely be compatible but cellular machinery which interprets the DNA would likely be incompatible.

Another thing I think is that we’ll not see them here in great numbers simply because the universe is so big, there are many places to go.



Take a look at this PDF file from Cornell University Library, Gravity 0701091v14.pdf. If this is not totally garbage then it’s a total game changer.  I’m curious how long this link will be here.  According to this, it would be possible to transverse the entire visible universe in 5-1/2 months, and the necessary components aren’t all that exotic or unobtainable.

Orbs in Google Data

This photo is on I invite you to go there to see the full article and various comments. I’ve linked from here in order to comment on it in as much as I’ve photographed these from the ground on three occasions.  I’ve heard people try to explain them as the effect of Photoshop on stuck pixels but while some features of Photoshop might create a round blur by averaging single stuck pixels, it wouldn’t have the shading or defined edge inside the blur that these do.  My photos are several years earlier in this blog.  These things can hover in one location for long periods of time, sometimes days, or they can accelerate and maneuver rapidly.  I don’t have any infrared equipment but someone who has photographed these in Vancouver BC does and they appear to glow in the infrared.


I added a small resources section in the right column. I’ll expand on this in the future.  It was my intent not only to include things directly related to UFO/ET’s, but also the physics that make it possible, and issues relating to society and psychology.  Not everything posted about ET’s and UFO’s, not even the majority of it, can be true because so much is mutually exclusive.  But I will add anything that I feel is of value for your consideration.

Of all the sites there presently, StarDrive is one I feel is most worth exploring.  Jack Sarfatti is a theoretical physicist that I think has gone farther than just about anyone in integrating quantum and sub-quantum phenomena with relativity and consciousness.  And that’s not to say I agree with everything he has to say, only that it’s fascinating and worth exploring.  In addition, he does a very good job of explaining physics to the average person and I think that is of value because it opens minds to possibilities.

His view of time is most interesting, that is that the future creates itself by sending information back into the past.  I’ve experienced this in my own life and so I absolutely agree with his view on the subject of time.

100 Billion Planets

I was browsing the web looking for information on minor planets, curious what the recent count for our solar system was (250,000).  Lots of interesting material, they estimate that less than 10% of the minor planets and asteroids in our solar system are accounted for but already that accounts for more matter than in all the major planets combined, which suggests to me tremendous mineral wealth out there.  It’s just a question of the energy it takes to get to them.  Chemical rockets are rather crude and inefficient, and they have this nasty disposition to blow up from time to time.

The Earth is differentiated, gravity has to a large degree separated the elements, with the heaviest going to the core, and the lightest to the crust.  There is still some mixing owing to convection but there must be a wealth of heavy metals besides iron in the core, maybe the very core of the core, and we’ll never be able to get to them.

But these asteroids and minor planets, most of them are not large enough to be differentiated the way the Earth and other major planets are.  That means they won’t be hiding their gold and rare earth’s and other heavy valuable metals below 2000 miles of semi-molten rock, they’ll be right there at the surface mixed in with everything else where they’re readily available to any civilization that has sufficiently mastered space travel to get to them.  So far that appears not to be us, but if we were to actually get fusion reactors to work, that would change almost overnight.  The energy requirements of space-flight would suddenly become trivial.

In our Milky Way galaxy alone there are estimated to be between 200 and 400 billion stars and 100 billion planets.  Those numbers go up every time we get a better telescope and are probably an under-estimate, especially planets.  Roughly half the stars we’ve surveyed have been found to have planets and our ability to detect planets is presently limited to large planets in tight orbits that have sufficient gravitational influence on their parent star to cause a wobble detectable from Earth or when the orbit of a planet around a star is edge on and we can see the planet transit the parent star.  If we’ve found single planets around half the stars we’ve surveyed and undoubtedly many of those stars have multiple planets that our current technology is not capable of detecting, others where we’ve detected no planets either have smaller planets or gas giants in distant enough orbits that we don’t detect the slight wobble they induce, then it’s clear our estimate is actually highly conservative.

It seems to me odds are very good that advanced life forms exist on many other planets in this galaxy alone, some of it for much longer than we’ve existed, some of it much more advanced.  I suspect many have evolved to the point where they’ve mastered fusion, space flight within their own solar system, and perhaps even exploited physics we don’t understand, that which makes interstellar travel possible.

Life, to me, appears to be almost anti-entropic.  It creates information.  It creates order where there was chaos.  It’s not strictly anti-entropic as life consumes energy to do all of this, enormous quantities of energy.  It seems likely to me that other intelligent species have been a little less willing to destroy each other and a little more willing to think and plan for the future when planetary resources get tight and likely have already occupied their entire solar system to use extra-planetary resources.

I believe the evidence is overwhelming that some have come to our planet.  You don’t have to look very far on the net to find pictures and video of strange things that seem to defy terrestrial explanations.  That would be convincing if it were not for Photoshop and applications like it.  But for me, I’ve seen and photographed some things that either defy terrestrial explanation or if it’s part of some black project, then that black project has found ways to manipulate gravity and space-time.

I’ve photographed on three occasions and seen on one of those three, what people are calling orbs, these aren’t the lens flare or illuminated dust things people are referring to as spirits of some sort, they are orb shaped objects at high altitudes that seem to be reflective and more strangely seemed to distort space, or at least the path of light, around them.  From time to time they show up in Google data, or at least did three years ago, I haven’t seen them recently.  When they do show up in Google data, the Earth below is distorted around the orb.  Somehow they bend the light or the space through which the light travels.  They are capable of remaining in a steady position or accelerating rapidly.

A group of them which I photographed from Juanita Beach about four years ago (2008) came through a cloud and then was followed by a commercial jet coming through the same cloud at same altitude.  Photographing both allowed me to get an idea as to the size of these.  The ones in this group, I estimated at 6-8 feet in diameter.

These things seem to have some characteristics that are beyond our capabilities.  If they were lighter than air craft, they would not be capable of the rapid acceleration and maneuvering I’ve observed.  If they were conventional aircraft they’d have wings, engines, props, but they have nothing of the sort, just spherical things with no visible parts.  Whether these things are of extraterrestrial origin or ours doesn’t really matter because either way they prove that physics beyond what we understand exists.  We may not know how to manipulate space-time, or we may, but either way it is possible, someone does.  Whether that someone is extraterrestrial or some black project group is immaterial, the fact that it is doable means we probably are being visited.

With an estimate of 100 Billion planets in our galaxy alone (and I am sure that will go up as our technology to detect them improves), that makes it seem more likely than not that much of the unexplainable phenomena in our skies is in fact visitors from other intelligent races.

My own belief is that the universe is just teaming with intelligent life, but for every civilization that succeeded, many failed.  The discovery of element 92 was probably a challenge that many failed to get past.  Those that didn’t solve energy issues before running out of atmosphere probably went the way of the folks on Easter Island.  But some survived, and I suspect to them, we became interesting when they noticed gamma ray flashes coming from a planet circling an otherwise fairly ordinary star.  We’ve got an ever expanding ring of gamma ray photons signalling to all it passes by that we’ve created the atomic bomb and now are capable of doing a number of things, total self annihilation, and production of energy from sources much more compact than fossil fuels.

I wonder how many other civilizations went through the discovery of element 92 when they were sociologically still so primitive and of those that did what percentage survived.  Those that did survive probably find us a lot more interesting now that we’ve discovered it.  Both because they would have a certain degree of identification, realizing they themselves marginally made it through a challenging period of their history and now we were there, and because we represent a threat if we do not develop in a positive way.  If we develop interstellar travel capability but still have a penchant for blowing things up, that would be unhealthy.

I am wondering, if and when we finally make contact, what that will be like.  Certainly not like Star Trek, odds are pretty good that English, as commonly spoken as it is here on Earth, will not be the universal galactic language.  I think odds are pretty good that any race like the Klingons or Romulans, would have not made it past the discovery of element 92, and thus it is unlikely we will be encountering them or anything remotely like them.  The Ferringi, I think they are some how related to Ronald Reagan and we might well encounter something like that.  But what the ever so popular greys, who never made an appearance on Star Trek, I think in many ways they are a more likely race.  Small, but strong bodies seem likely, they’re efficient, strong but low mass will make them tolerant of high g-forces.  An overpopulated planet, just like an island where the population has increased to the maximum capacity of it’s ability to carry life, tends to favor small bodies with low energy requirements.  Grey with black eyes.  If the predominate wavelength of the light from their parent star were outside of what is visible for us, say in the near infrared, then it is likely that any pigments that evolved will favor those wavelengths, hence a grey appearance, especially if it is a star with little or no ultraviolet output to need protection from.  So I can see something like the greys as they’re described as actually being fairly likely.

Who really knows what form intelligent species capable of space travel might assume.  Here on Earth, we’ve got a number of species with bigger brains than our own, quite possibly more intelligent, dolphins and whales, but their bodies do not lend themselves tool making and space travel.  Except for the few that materialize 12 miles above the ground as the result of the operation of infinite improbability drives, we’ll probably not see whales in space, let alone visiting us from distant planets.

The predator types, save maybe for an occasional escaped alien pet, seem pretty unlikely as well.  Other intelligent species intelligent enough to develop inter-stellar space travel have probably also developed farming to a high degree, and no doubt domestically raised meat is less expensive than traveling to another star system for dinner.

I find Star Trek’s “Prime Directive” an unlikely scenario, either for man, or for some distant intelligent species.  The prime directive seems to suggest that the natural order of things is for them to evolve in isolation from each other, but things very much interact and determine each others evolution on our own planet and I suspect this is true at larger scales as well.  There will be competition and there will be symbiosis, just as there is on this planet.  Let us hope that more of our future relationships with other species is symbiotic rather than competitive.  Being the new kids on the block, we’re not likely to fare well in the latter.

Aliens and UFO – Christianity

I’m a Christian and I find myself often at odds with fellow Christians over the subject of aliens and UFO’s.  Their position frequently seems to be that aliens are really demons sent here by Satan, that God didn’t create any habitable planets other than Earth, else he would have mentioned them in the Bible.

My position has been that God is much greater than that, infinite in fact, and he’s had plenty of time, especially since he’s outside of time and thus has infinity, to create plenty of planets and everything he does is not recorded in the Bible.  That is made clear at the conclusion of John where he talks about if all the things Jesus had done had been recorded the world itself could not contain all the books.  And we also know, again through John, that all things that were made were made through him.

Fast forward to the beginning of Hebrews where it talks about all the worlds made through him and you will note that “worlds” is plural, not singular.  I.E., Earth ain’t God’s only project.  One can only speculate on what he did with those other worlds but I’m hard pressed to believe a living God would make all but one world dead.  I think it’s more likely that there are many living planets.  How many of them having intelligent life, and of that intelligent life how much is capable of free will, that would appear to be open to speculation.

What Jesus’ role on other planets is, that again is open to speculation.  I don’t know.  But I do know an infinite God is capable of a lot more than one planet in a huge cosmos.

Why We Haven’t Returned To The Moon

This is primarily a test of a video embedding plugin for WordPress.  I do agree with the premise of this video but close in shots of out of focus dust grains, lens flare, and other photographic artifacts do more to discredit what they’re arguing for than to support it.  The things they are referring to as tracks, yes some of those are interesting, but to be visible from Earth, even with a powerful telescope, must be a feature much bigger than tracks, such as a fault-line.

[embedplusvideo height=”497″ width=”627″ standard=”″ vars=”ytid=iIW2cLOgMl8&width=627&height=497&start=&stop=&rs=w&hd=0&autoplay=0&react=1&chapters=&notes=” id=”ep3360″ /]

SETI – Wrong Approach

I’ve stated before that I felt the SETI is a failure by design.

My reasoning is quite simple. In order to receive a radio signal from another star where the transmitter is operating at any reasonable power level, highly direction antennas must be used at both the receiving and transmitting station aimed at each other in order to have enough gain for a signal to be strong enough to be detectable.

High gain antennas have a very narrow beam width requiring that they be precisely aimed.

The SETI protocol requires several steps of confirmation. When a candidate carrier signal is received, the antenna is first pointed away, if the signal is still present then it is a terrestrial interference source.

Next another station remotely located is contacted and ask to confirm the signal, if the signal is still present, and received by that second station, at that point it is known to be extraterrestrial in nature.

Then, only if the signal is still present a day later, is it considered a viable extraterrestrial signal.

The Earth rotates, it is also orbiting the Sun, the Sun is orbiting the galactic center of gravity, and the entire galaxy is moving with respect to other galaxies. There is also relative motion between the Sun and other stars within our own Galaxy.

Likewise, another planet around another star harboring an alien civilization, is also likely rotating, and is orbiting a star, and that star will have relative motion to our own Sun.

Thus the potential for two narrow beam high gain antennas to remain aimed at each other for five minutes, let alone 24 hours, is exceedingly small, unless, the transmitting civilization is intentionally beaming a signal towards Earth, is aware of our positions, and is compensating for relative motions.

This seems unlikely unless alien civilizations have a means of detecting our existence other than radio.

So that is the first reason SETI won’t see anything even if the Universe is jam packed with advanced civilizations that still uses radio for communications.

There is another reason that SETI is unlikely to detect alien civilizations via their radio transmissions, and that is that the type of signal SETI is designed to detect is a type of signal that tends to be inefficient and thus not likely to be used in our own civilization much longer, let alone any more advanced civilization.

SETI only looks for very narrow band carriers, but carriers are a waste of energy, they are required only for proper decoding of a signal, and present day communications are leaning towards ultra-wide band spread spectrum techniques that would be completely undetectable by SETI.

Having a relatively small number of transmitters networked, as in wireless Internet, makes a lot more sense than having single transmitters for every type of program or transmission, and that seems also to be where we are headed.

So in addition to the antenna alignment over time issue, the design of the SETI receiver to detect only narrow band carrier signals combined with the direction in terms of use of radio that our own civilization seems to be taking, is another factor ruling out the likelihood that SETI will detect an alien signal.

The only signal we could detect, under existing SETI protocols, is one beamed intentionally at us, narrow band in nature, and lasting more than the 24 hour period required for confirmation.

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Fusion Powered Single Stage to Orbit

You will want to look at this document. I first found out about it on a mail list, Googled for content and found it on a public site that had a lot of questionable material so I thought it was hocum, but then I found it on a government military site at

The document is marked as being approved for public release, distribution unlimited (or else I wouldn’t be posting here).

If I read the document correctly, the government has working aneutronic (clean no neutrons) dense focus plasma fusion technology already, has experimented with it, determined how much thrust as well as extra energy for electricity can be generated with various parameters; and expects to have single-stage to orbit space planes for low earth orbit by 2025 and beyond by 2050.

If this is the unclassified stuff they’re willing to tell us about, what’s the classified stuff?

If they’ve got this fusion source, it’s clean (aneutronic), it’s working, the “excess” power being as much as 5.1 gigawatts (that’s equivalent to the output of maybe 7 or 8 nuclear fission reactors), why isn’t this energy technology being deployed to meet our energy needs?

They also talk in this document about excess energy being deployed to power gravity or time-distorting devices. Why is all this advanced capability being kept from the public, or now that this document is released as unclassified, perhaps it’s not?

I wish someone would share the game plan.

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